労働経済・労働問題

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労働経済

NEW

1

Baglioni, Elena / Campling, Liam / Coe, N. M. et al. (eds.), Labour Regimes and Global Production. (Economic Transformations) 304 pp. 2022:1 (Agenda Pub., UK) <667-470>
ISBN 978-1-78821-361-5 hard ¥16,995.- (税込) GB£ 75.00

There has been a recent resurgence in interest in the theorization of labour regimes in various disciplines. This has partly taken the form of a concern to understand the role that labour regimes play in the structuring, organization and dynamics of global systems of production and reproduction. The concept has a long heritage that can be traced back to the 1970s and the contributions to this book seek to develop further this emerging field. The book traces the intellectual development of labour regime concepts across various disciplines, notably feminist political economy, development studies, sociology and geography. It builds on these foundations to consider a range of conceptual debates around labour regimes and global production relating to issues of scale, informality, race, social reproduction, the labour process and migration. It also explores recent mobilizations of labour regime analysis in relation to methods, theory and research practice.

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NEW

2

Azid, Toseef / Burki, Umar / Khawaja, M. J. et al., Labor Economics in an Islamic Framework: Theory and Practice. (Islamic Business and Finance Series) 264 pp. 2021:12 (Routledge, UK) <667-507>
ISBN 978-1-03-201435-7 hard ¥27,192.- (税込) GB£ 120.00

The labour market in Islam is governed by the Islamic laws of fairness, justice and reward that is equivalent to the job done. Most of the literature in the field discusses the normative aspect of the labor market, whereas few attempts can be seen to address more positive aspects. There is a need for new theoretical and empirical models for the Islamic labour market, which should differ from established approaches. This book provides a comprehensive overview of the nature, scope, and dimensions of the labor market in an Islamic context, from both a theoretical and practical perspective. It presents and discusses labor economics and then compares the similarities and differences between conventional and Islamic views of the labor market, explaining where they meet, and critically justifying why they differ, under the umbrella of Shariah. The book raises pertinent issues, which it analyses from both standpoints and widens the discourse to include norms, morality, and related institutions such as social security and welfare. A unique feature of the book is that it examines labor economics practices among a specific group of countries, and studies the labor conditions within these countries, where the majority of the population follow the teachings of Islam in their daily lives. The book proposes practical strategies for the development of new models for the Islamic labor market which are compatible with the modern world. The book will enable academics and practitioners of Islamic economics to make economic sense of Shariah compliance and human resource development.

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NEW

3

Chew, Soon Beng / Huang, Lingli / Kwa, Kai Xiang (eds.), Political, Economic and Social Dimensions of Labour Markets: A Global Insight. 500 pp. 2022:1 (World Scientific, SI) <667-509>
ISBN 978-981-12-3689-1 hard ¥24,094.- (税込) US$ 148.00

Why and how do politics, society and economics shape the growth and failure of labour markets? Does government intervention help or harm labour market reforms/adjustments in times of economic downturn? What forces drive such government intervention and do they differ from society to society?In addressing these big-picture questions, this book's analytical scope is heavily centred around the topic of labour markets' performance. The book argues that performance in labour markets across countries are influenced by their labour market policies. In turn, these policies are shaped, in varying degrees, by the country's politics. Each chapter in this book dives into the labour market experiences in various countries to demonstrate why in some countries, labour markets perform better than in other countries. Major findings from this book suggest that countries can produce better economic and social outcomes (e.g. lower socio-economic inequality) if their labour market policies are aimed at fostering a socially and politically stable society via greater equity in wealth distribution across various social (e.g. religious, ethnic) and income groups.This book is an essential read for any public policy researchers, policy practitioners and undergraduate/graduate students who are interested or vested in the topic of labour market performance in the political, social and economic dimensions. Particularly, this book provides a critical synthesis of the labour market experiences in many countries. Hence, the book serves as an ideational tool to advance future labour market research and policy.

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NEW

4

Spencer, David, Making Light Work: An End to Toil in the Twenty-First Century. 200 pp. 2022:2 (Polity Pr., UK) <667-510>
ISBN 978-1-5095-4862-0 hard ¥10,419.- (税込) US$ 64.95
ISBN 978-1-5095-4863-7 paper ¥3,581.- (税込) US$ 22.95

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5

Ferri, Piero, Income Distribution, Growth and Unemployment: A Complex Dynamic Approach. (New Directions in Modern Economics) 256 pp. 2022:3 (E. Elgar, UK) <666-646>
ISBN 978-1-80220-600-5 hard ¥20,394.- (税込) GB£ 90.00

Piero Ferri expertly broadens the analysis of the canonical growth cycle approach by presenting a Minsky-Harrod model, examining how the relationship between income distribution, growth and unemployment becomes increasingly complex. Exploring this new technique to generate a process of growth, based not only on history but disequilibrium, he investigates the current income distribution debate further and the challenges it faces. Written in a succinct yet comprehensive style, Piero Ferri begins by addressing the basic principles, followed by an in-depth look at growth cycle models and how the Minsky-Harrod integrated model would help to unravel the current complexities. The empirical analysis reaches insightful conclusions by justifying the existence of a variety of results and by studying the distributive loop in a dynamic context which is prone to instability. Teachers of macroeconomics and scholars will find this an invaluable read and will benefit from the practical study and results. Researchers interested in labour economics and political economy will also find this a thought-provoking book.

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6

Ghosh, Bimal, The 2018 Global Migration Compact: A Major Breakthrough or an Opportunity Lost or Both? 90 pp. 2021:11 (Palgrave Macmillan, UK) <666-647>
ISBN 978-3-030-82862-2 hard ¥10,276.- (税込) EUR 54.99

This book analyses the 2018 Global Compact for Migration and the need for a multilateral agreement. The constraints and challenges of these kinds of agreements are discussed, with particular attention given to variations in labour needs and interests. A background history on migration multilateral agreements is provided, from 1927 onwards, to give context to the recent negotiations. The limitations of the 2018 deal, including the failure to set out the consequences of forced migration, the lack of clear recognition of migration as a global process, and absence of responsibility sharing arrangement, are also discussed. This book aims to highlight how the 2018 Compact for Migration can be built upon in the future to create harmony within global migration. It will be relevant to researchers and policymakers interested in migration and labour economics.

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7

Jelonek, Magdalena, Universities and the Labour Market: Graduate Transitions from Education to Employment. (Routledge Studies in Labour Economics) 176 pp. 2021:12 (Routledge, UK) <666-648>
ISBN 978-0-367-74225-6 hard ¥27,192.- (税込) GB£ 120.00

Debate surrounding the employability of graduates has been around for many decades, and interest in this area has grown particularly since the start of this century. Tackling this relevant area of scholarship, this book uses an innovate approach to analyse the relationship between university and the labour market from different perspectives, taking into account both sociological and economic theories. Key areas explored include work transition, graduate employability, and the effects of public interventions/initiatives which are aimed at matching the competences of graduates to labour market needs. The chapters summarise several years of author original research, including study on the employability of graduates in Poland more specifically, and the effects of their public interventions to increase graduate employment and facilitate entry into the workforce (e.g. Commissioned Fields of Study, Competences Development Programme). More generally, university - labour market relations are analysed from three perspectives: micro (understood as individual characteristics shaping educational and occupational choices and decisions), and meso and macro (e.g. features of the education system and such as the strength of the signal sent by HE diplomas; the macroeconomic situation and the condition of the labour market and the state of debate on general and employability competences and its implications). The conclusions made are pertinent given ongoing debates around graduate mismatch in the labour market, as well as the questioning of tuition fees and the role of the university in society more broadly. The interdisciplinary nature of this book makes it of great interest to academics, researchers and postgraduate students in the areas of sociology, economy, public policy, and also to practitioners designing educational interventions themselves.

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8

Wenkai, Sun, A Study of Labor Mobility in China. (China Perspectives) 336 pp. 2021:12 (Routledge, UK) <666-517>
ISBN 978-1-03-218439-5 hard ¥29,458.- (税込) GB£ 130.00

The title investigates rural labor mobility in China since 2003, an important phenomenon in the process of Chinese economic transition, influential in economic growth at the macro level and individual wellbeing at the micro level.Based on empirical analysis, the study identifies and evaluates the characteristics, driving forces and impact of the migration and mobility of the rural labor force. The following factors are considered to impact rural workers' mobility decisions and are thoroughly discussed in each chapter: (1) convergence in the level of regional income, (2) industrial structure and the age structure of the workforce, (3) the household registration system, (4) the income gap, (5) the issue of children that are left behind, (6) the health status of rural migrant workers and (7) their social networks. Drawing on new research methods, the final chapter reassesses the impact of rural parents' migration to the city and the overall wellbeing of their children left behind at home, challenging the well-accepted view that there is a negative correlation between the two.The book will appeal to scholars and students interested in labor economics, Chinese economy, sociology, demography, migrant population and especially labor mobility in China.

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9

Delechat, Croinne / Medina, Leandro, The Global Informal Workforce: Priorities for Inclusive Growth. 392 pp. 2021:6 (IMF, US) <665-394>
ISBN 978-1-5135-7591-9 paper ¥6,349.- (税込) US$ 39.00

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10

女性、男性、労働の経済学 第9版
Blau, Francine / Winkler, Anne E., The Economics of Women, Men, and Work. 9th ed. 480 pp. 2021:11 (Oxford U. Pr., US) <664-938>
ISBN 978-0-19-760614-8 paper ¥13,444.- (税込) US$ 97.95 *

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11

Feld, Serge, International Migration, Remittances and Brain Drain: Impacts on Development. (Demographic Transformation and Socio-Economic Development 13) 168 pp. 2021:8 (Springer, GW) <664-940>
ISBN 978-3-030-75512-6 hard ¥18,839.- (税込) EUR 99.99

This book provides an analysis of theoretical and empirical researches on the effects of remittances and brain drain on the development of less developed countries (LDCs). It analyzes the most recent global, regional and national data as well as the arguments for and against the emigration of highly skilled personnel and remittances, thereby highlighting policies aimed at optimizing the link between migration and development. The book examines in depth the arguments against "brain drain", namely the loss of skilled labor, wasted public investment in higher education, and reduced tax revenues. It also presents the arguments in favor, emphasizing on the transfer of scientific knowledge, the incentive effect of increased education spending, and participation in international networks. It addresses the central issue of emigration of medical personnel from developing countries and its consequences on the population.The book focuses on the effects of remittances on poverty and inequalities. They improve health conditions, raise education levels and empower women. Positive effects include the stabilizing function of remittances and the improvement of external accounts. Other effects are subject to conflicting assessments such as the reduction of labor supply and the "Dutch disease". The focus is on institutions who integrate economic, social and political incentives in order to establish remittances at the heart of development policies.The book provides a reference for students and research centers devoted to development economics, centers for international migration studies, and research units focusing on population, migration, and development.

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12

Lam, David / Elsayed, Ahmed, Labour Markets in Low-Income Countries: Challenges and Opportunities. 240 pp. 2021:12 (Oxford U. Pr., UK) <664-942>
ISBN 978-0-19-289710-7 hard ¥12,512.- (税込) GB£ 65.00

Labour Markets in Low-Income Countries addresses some of the most important issues affecting labour markets in low-income countries. It builds heavily on the new research evidence that has been provided by the programme on Growth and Labour Markets in Low-Income Countries (GLMLIC), which was created as a partnership between UK Department for International Development (now part of the Foreign, Commonwealth, and Development Office) and the German IZA- Institute of Labor Economics in 2011. The programme has contributed to the growing interest in understanding labour markets in the poorest countries by producing high-quality research outputs and policy documents, as well as through interactions with various stakeholders and impacts on programs and policies. Across nine chapters dealing with different aspects of labour markets in developing countries, David Lam and Ahmed Elsayed provide lessons about what kinds of labour market programmes and policies can make a difference. Some of these lessons are about the difficulties that many well-intentioned programmes face when they are implemented. Vocational training programmes, for example, one of the most widely implemented labour market interventions, have a disappointing record when subjected to rigorous evaluation. Public Works programmes have also had mixed results when rigorously evaluated. Other lessons are more positive, however. Some of the modifications and additions to traditional programmes that have been tested recently in different projects have had encouraging results. The book provides evidence of what works and what doesn't in areas such as skills training, worker-firm matching, rural labour markets, migration, youth unemployment, and women's empowerment. This is an open access title available under the terms of a CC BY-NC-ND 4.0 International licence. It is free to read at Oxford Scholarship Online and offered as a free PDF download from OUP and selected open access locations.

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13

Gondy, Denis, Crise de l'employabilite et responsabilite societale des entreprises dans le secteur minier en Cote d'Ivoire. 193 p. 2021:7 (L'Harmattan, FR) <664-766>
ISBN 978-2-343-23551-6 paper ¥4,186.- (税込) EUR 22.00

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14

Poirier, Jean-Patrice, Afriques, 200 millions de chomeurs!: obstacles, atouts, comment faire? (Questions contemporaines) 148 p. 2021:6 (L'Harmattan, FR) <664-774>
ISBN 978-2-343-23141-9 paper ¥3,044.- (税込) EUR 16.50

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15

Al-Gaith, Taghred / Liu, J. / Herbst, C. H. et al. (eds.), A Labor Market Assessment of Nurses and Physicians in Saudi Arabia: Projecting Imbalances between Need, Supply, and Demand. (International Development in Focus) 202 pp. 2021:6 (World Bank, US) <664-748>
ISBN 978-1-4648-1716-8 paper ¥7,134.- (税込) US$ 47.00 *

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16

プラットフォーム経済のパズル
Meijerink, Jeroen / Jansen, Giedo / Daskalova, V. (eds.), Platform Economy Puzzles: A Multidisciplinary Perspective on Gig Work. 256 pp. 2021:8 (E. Elgar, UK) <664-612>
ISBN 978-1-83910-027-7 hard ¥21,527.- (税込) GB£ 95.00 *

Searching for paid tasks via digital labour platforms, such as Uber, Deliveroo and Fiverr, has become a global phenomenon and the regular source of income for millions of people. In the advent of digital labour platforms, this insightful book sheds new light on familiar questions about tensions between competition and cooperation, short-term gains and long-term success, and private benefits and public costs. Drawing on a wealth of knowledge from a range of disciplines, including law, management, psychology, economics, sociology and geography, it pieces together a nuanced picture of the societal challenges posed by the platform economy.Chapters present a comprehensive, multidisciplinary overview of the rise of gig work, reflecting on long-term developments in the gig economy and incorporating contemporary developments into the rich theoretical and empirical literature on the topic. Charting new research territory, the book addresses key academic and policy challenges, arming readers with relevant analytical tools and practical solutions to face common problems. This book comprises a key reference for future research on the topic as well as critical policy measures for addressing challenges relating to gig work.Offering an integrated outline of the latest insights, this book is crucial reading for scholars and researchers of the platform economy and gig work, outlining academic insights and empirical research, and illustrating a research agenda for future scholarship. The book's comprehensive approach will also benefit policy-makers, managers and workers as they confront the platform economy's wide variety of legal, economic and management challenges.

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17

雇用、労働時間、所得-州と地域 2021年版
Ryan, Mary Meghan (ed.), Employment, Hours, and Earnings 2021 16th ed. (U.S. DataBook Series) 615 pp. 2021:10 (Bernan Pr., US) <664-672>
ISBN 978-1-64143-499-7 paper ¥21,001.- (税込) US$ 129.00 *

Bernan Press proudly presents the 15th edition of Employment, Hours, and Earnings: States and Areas, 2020. A special addition to Bernan Press Handbook of U.S. Labor Statistics: Employment, Earnings, Prices, Productivity, and Other Labor Data, this reference is a consolidated wealth of employment information, providing monthly and annual data on hours worked and earnings made by industry, including figures and summary information spanning several years. These data are presented for states and metropolitan statistical areas.This edition features:Nearly 300 tables with data on employment for each state, the District of Columbia, and the nation's seventy-five largest metropolitan statistical areas (MSAs)Detailed, non-seasonally adjusted, industry data organized by month and yearHours and earnings data for each state, by industryAn introduction for each state and the District of Columbia that denotes salient data and noteworthy trends, including changes in population and the civilian labor force, industry increases and declines, employment and unemployment statistics, and a chart detailing employment percentages, by industryRanking of the seventy-five largest MSAs, including census population estimates, unemployment rates, and the percent change in total nonfarm employment,Concise technical notes that explain pertinent facts about the data, including sources, definitions, and significant changes; and provides references for further guidanceA comprehensive appendix that details the geographical components of the seventy-five largest MSAsThe employment, hours, and earnings data in this publication provide a detailed and timely picture of the fifty states, the District of Columbia, and the nation's seventy-five largest MSAs. These data can be used to analyze key factors affecting state and local economies and to compare national cyclical trends to local-level economic activity.This reference is an excellent source of information for analysts in both the public and private sectors. Readers who are involved in public policy can use these data to determine the health of the economy, to clearly identify which sectors are growing and which are declining, and to determine the need for federal assistance. State and local jurisdictions can use the data to determine the need for services, including training and unemployment assistance, and for planning and budgetary purposes. In addition, the data can be used to forecast tax revenue. In private industry, the data can be used by business owners to compare their business to the economy as a whole; and to identify suitable areas when making decisions about plant locations, wholesale and retail trade outlets, and for locating a particular sector base.

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18

Drahokoupil, Jan / Vandaele, Kurt (eds.), A Modern Guide To Labour and the Platform Economy. (Elgar Modern Guides) 384 pp. 2021:10 (E. Elgar, UK) <664-590>
ISBN 978-1-78897-509-4 hard ¥29,458.- (税込) GB£ 130.00 *

Providing an insightful analysis of the key issues and significant trends relating to labour within the platform economy, this Modern Guide considers the existing comparative evidence covering all world regions. It also provides an in-depth look at digital labour platforms in their historical, economic and geographical contexts. Highlighting the diversity of experience of platform work, case studies illustrate how general trends play out, both in online and location-based labour platforms, across the globe. Chapters illustrate a need for a post-pandemic regulatory requirement of digital labour platforms at different policy levels, whilst providing a general overview of key topics. Interlinking contributions with a global scope and coverage identify the challenges faced and offer thoughtful regulatory solutions. This engaging book will be an invaluable resource for academics of labour economics, legal and business studies and sociology. It will also benefit policy makers in social and political geography and political science looking for a deeper understanding of the topic.

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19

Krafft, Caroline / Assaad, Ragui (eds.), The Egyptian Labor Market: A Focus on Gender and Economic Vulnerability. 240 pp. 2021:10 (Oxford U. Pr., UK) <663-P898>
ISBN 978-0-19-284791-1 hard ¥12,512.- (税込) GB£ 65.00

The Egyptian economy has faced many challenges in the decade since the 2011 Arab Spring uprisings. Not only was job creation anaemic from 2012 to 2018, but new jobs were also of low-quality, characterized by informality and vulnerability to economic shocks. These challenges pushed many in Egypt, especially the most vulnerable, into a more precarious labor market situation. Then, in the midst of economic recovery brought on by tough reform measures adopted in 2016 and 2017, the country was hit by the widespread disruption of a global pandemic. This book examines the plight of Egypt's most vulnerable groups by focusing on the intersection of gender and economic vulnerability in the labor market. With this emphasis on vulnerability and a lens that is sensitive to gender differences and inequities, the contributors to this volume use data from the most recent wave of a unique longitudinal survey to illuminate different aspects of Egyptians' lives. The aspects they explore include labor supply behavior, the ability to access good quality and well-paying jobs, the evolution of wages and wage inequality, the school-to-work transition of youth, the decline in public sector employment, international and internal migration, the situation of rural women, access to social protection, food security, vulnerability to shocks and coping mechanisms, health status, and access to health care services. These analyses are prescient in understanding the axes of vulnerability in Egyptian society that became all too salient during the COVID-19 pandemic.

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20

Macdonald, Fiona, Individualising Risk: Paid Care Work in the New Gig Economy. 223 pp. 2021:5 (Palgrave Macmillan, UK) <663-P740>
ISBN 978-981-3363-65-6 hard ¥20,742.- (税込) EUR 109.99

This book investigates how paid care work and employment are being transformed by policies of social care individualisation in the context of new gig economies of care. Drawing on a case study of the creation of a new individualised care market under Australia's National Disability Insurance Scheme the book provides important insights into possible futures for social care employment where care is treated as an individual consumer service. Bringing together sociological, political science and socio-legal approaches the book demonstrates how, in individualised care markets and with ineffective labour laws, risks of business and employment are devolved to frontline care workers. The book argues for an urgent re-evaluation of current policy approaches to care and for new regulatory approaches to protect workers in diverse forms of employment.

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21

Noga, Marian / Brzezinski, Andrzej, Economics, Education and Youth Entrepreneurship: International Perspectives. (Routledge Focus on Economics and Finance) 168 pp. 2021:7 (Routledge, UK) <663-P746>
ISBN 978-1-03-207321-7 hard ¥10,197.- (税込) GB£ 45.00 *

The aim of this book is to justify the importance of economic knowledge for every human being in a country with an economic system based on the market mechanism, and to explain and debunk the myths and stereotypes related to economic education and its effectiveness, particularly among young people. The book offers a comparative analysis of the economic education of young people in Poland and throughout the world. It examines the historical emergence of economies and economic thinking and decision-making as well as the different philosophies and educational systems in the EU and the USA. It thoroughly investigates the economic knowledge of Polish youth via an annual study, which the authors have conducted since 2012. The book outlines both the formal and informal methods of economic education, from education programs in general secondary schools and economic technical schools, as well as in vocational schools, and also examines school Business Incubators. It concludes with a summary, reviewing the implementation of research goals and issues and outlining directions for future research. The authors break down complex topics and provide readers with a base knowledge of economics at the micro and macro levels. The book will serve as a useful and practical guide for students and researchers, as well as policymakers concerned with rethinking the education system. Additionally, it will be a helpful resource for those wanting to acquire the knowledge needed to conduct a business, as the authors maintain that entrepreneurship can be learned.

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22

Dobbins, Tony / Prowse, Peter (eds.), The Living Wage: Advancing a Global Movement. 240 pp. 2021:9 (Routledge, UK) <663-P1089>
ISBN 978-0-367-51490-7 hard ¥27,192.- (税込) GB£ 120.00 *
ISBN 978-0-367-51487-7 paper ¥7,251.- (税込) GB£ 32.99 *

As wealth inequality skyrockets and trade union power declines, the living wage movement has become ever more urgent for public policymakers, academics, and - most importantly - those workers whose wages hover close to the breadline. A real living wage in any part of the world is rarely its minimum wage: it is the minimum income needed to cover living costs and participate fully in society. Most governments' minimum wages are still falling short, meaning millions of workers struggle to cover their living costs. This book brings new, vital insights to the conversation from a carefully selected group of contributors at the forefront of this field. By juxtaposing advances across sectors and countries, and encompassing many different approaches and indeed definitions of the living wage, Dobbins and Prowse offer a rich tapestry of approaches that may inform public policy. By including the experiences and voices of those workers earning at, or near, the living wage alongside the opinions of leading experts in this field, this book is a pioneering contribution for public policymakers as well as students and academics of work and employment relations, public policy, organizational studies, social economics, and politics.

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23

Liu, Ji, Teacher Labor Markets during an Era of Economic Boom: China through 1979-2019. 200 pp. 2021:9 (Routledge, UK) <663-P1091>
ISBN 978-0-367-52857-7 hard ¥27,192.- (税込) GB£ 120.00 *

This book sets out to examine the underlying educational implications of rapid economic transformation, using illustrative analyses of teacher labour markets during the years of unprecedented economic growth in China. Combining historic document archive and empirical micro-level quantitative data, the book examines trends in teacher labour market and their relevant consequences by investigating wage-attractiveness of the teaching profession, consequential shifts in the composition of the teacher force, implications for student learning, and emerging alternative career destinations for teacher exits. While this book focuses on a specific country case, its analytic context is broadly relevant for a range of developing countries that aspire to better understand, through an occupational choice lens, how shifting economic landscapes influence teacher career decisions and consequentially teacher quality and student learning. Teacher policy scholars, comparative education researchers, labour economists, economic and education historians, teacher union researchers, and education policy makers will find this volume of interest.

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24

ギグ・エコノミー-収斂の時代の労働者とメディア
Dolber, Brian / Rodino-Colocino, Michelle et al. (eds.), The Gig Economy: Workers and Media in the Age of Convergence. 328 pp. 2021:5 (Routledge, UK) <662-P969>
ISBN 978-0-367-69021-2 hard ¥27,192.- (税込) GB£ 120.00 *
ISBN 978-0-367-68622-2 paper ¥7,704.- (税込) GB£ 34.99 *

This edited collection examines the gig economy in the age of convergence from a critical political economic perspective. Contributions explore how media, technology, and labor are converging to create new modes of production, as well as new modes of resistance. From rideshare drivers in Los Angeles to domestic workers in Delhi, from sex work to podcasting, this book draws together research that examines the gig economy's exploitation of workers and their resistance. Employing critical theoretical perspectives and methodologies in a variety of national contexts, contributors consider the roles that media, policy, culture, and history, as well as gender, race, and ethnicity play in forging working conditions in the 'gig economy'. Contributors examine the complex and historical relationships between media and gig work?integral to capitalism with the aim of exposing and, ultimately, ending exploitation. This book will appeal to students and scholars examining questions of technology, media, and labor across media and communication studies, information studies, and labor studies as well as activists, journalists, and policymakers.

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25

欧州の共通労働市場の人的コスト
Moses, Jonathon W., Workaway: The Human Costs of Europe's Common Labour Market. 264 pp. 2021:6 (Bristol U. Pr., UK) <662-P1455>
ISBN 978-1-5292-1101-6 hard ¥6,798.- (税込) GB£ 30.00 *

This agenda-setting book shows how freedom of movement has made the integration of Europe's labour markets a contentious issue, for example in the aftermath of the eurocrisis, where workers had to make great sacrifices to enable the currency area to function. It argues that the process of market integration in Europe has undermined the power and influence of European workers and generated significant human costs. In starting from the position of labour, this book offers an alternative approach which balances the needs of justice and efficiency. With appeal across a wide range of readers interested in economic integration, it provides lessons for policymakers in how to integrate Europe's member states to better protect workers and citizens.

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26

R.スミス他著 現代労働経済学-理論と公共政策-第14版
Smith, Robert / Ehrenberg, Ronald G. / Hallock, Kevin F., Modern Labor Economics 14th ed. 768 pp. 2021:8 (Routledge, UK) <662-P1457>
ISBN 978-0-367-34697-3 hard ¥33,990.- (税込) GB£ 150.00 *
ISBN 978-0-367-34698-0 paper Int'l ed. ¥12,463.- (税込) GB£ 55.99 *

Modern Labor Economics: Theory and Public Policy, now in its fourteenth edition, continues to be the leading text for one-semester courses in labor economics at the undergraduate and graduate levels. It offers a thorough overview of the modern theory of labor market behavior and reveals how this theory is used to analyze public policy. Designed for students who may not have extensive backgrounds in economics, the text balances theoretical coverage with examples of practical applications that allow students to see concepts in action. The authors believe that showing students the social implications of the concepts discussed in the course will enhance their motivation to learn. Consequently, this text presents numerous examples of policy decisions that have been affected by the ever-shifting labor market. This new edition continues to offer the following: a balance of relevant, contemporary examples coverage of the current economic climate an introduction to basic methodological techniques and problems tools for review and further study This fourteenth edition presents updated data throughout and a wealth of new examples, such as the impact of COVID-19 lockdowns, gig work, nudges, monopsony power in the technology industry, and the effect of machine learning on inequality. Supplementary materials for students and instructors are available on the book's companion website.

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27

欧州における若者の社会的排除-労働市場の不安定性の多面的な影響-
Unt, Marge / Gebel, Michael / Bertolini, S. et al. (eds.), Social Exclusion of Youth in Europe: The Multifaceted Consequences of Labour Market Insecurity. 312 pp. 2021:7 (Policy Pr., UK) <662-P1458>
ISBN 978-1-4473-5872-5 hard ¥20,394.- (税込) GB£ 90.00 *

EPDF and EPUB available Open Access under CC-BY-NC-ND licence. Policymakers throughout Europe are enacting policies to support youth labour market integration. However, many young people continue to face unemployment, job insecurity, and the subsequent consequences. Adopting a mixed-method and multilevel perspective, this book provides a comprehensive investigation into the multifaceted consequences of social exclusion. Drawing on rich pan-European comparative and quantitative data, and interviews with young people from across Europe, this text gives a platform to the unheard voices of young people. Contributors derive crucial new policy recommendations and offer fresh insights into areas including youth well-being, health, poverty, leaving the parental home, and qualifying for social security.

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28

生活賃金と福祉国家-移行期の英米の社会モデル-
Wilson, Shaun, Living Wages and the Welfare State: The Anglo-American Social Model in Transition. 232 pp. 2021:5 (Policy Pr., UK) <662-P1459>
ISBN 978-1-4473-4118-5 hard ¥16,995.- (税込) GB£ 75.00
ISBN 978-1-4473-4120-8 paper ¥5,438.- (税込) GB£ 24.99 *

Are living wages an unaffordable and unwieldy aspiration or a key progressive reform? Demands for fair minimum incomes have dominated national debates amid the COVID-19 pandemic. This topical book addresses the rapidly shifting politics of minimum wages in US, the UK, New Zealand, Canada, Ireland and Australia, where workfare has compelled many to find low-income work and where neoliberal thinking about minimum wages has prevailed. Analysing minimum wage policies within a political-economy narrative, this innovative book offers an alternative to the Basic Income narrative and identifies the success of Living Wage campaigns as central to welfare state change.

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29

福祉の再編-労働市場の新たな信仰
Boland, Tom / Griffin, Ray, The Reformation of Welfare: The New Faith of the Labour Market. 208 pp. 2021:6 (Bristol U. Pr., UK) <662-P1445>
ISBN 978-1-5292-1132-0 hard ¥13,369.- (税込) GB£ 59.00 *

Western culture has 'faith' in the labour market as a test of the worth of each individual. For those who are out of work, welfare is now less of a support than a means of purification and redemption. Continuously reformed by the left and right in politics, the contemporary welfare state attempts to transform the unemployed into active jobseekers, punishing non-compliance. Drawing on ideas from economic theology, this provocative book uncovers deep-rooted religious concepts and shows how they continue to influence contemporary views of work and unemployment: Jobcentres resemble purgatory where the unemployed attempt to redeem themselves, jobseeking is a form of pilgrimage in hope of salvation, and the economy appears as providence, whereby trials and tribulations test each individual. This book will be essential reading for those interested in the sociology and anthropology of modern economic life. Chapters 1 and 3 are available Open Access via OAPEN under CC-BY-NC-ND licence.

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30

最低賃金体制-法的規制、団体交渉、適正水準
Dingeldey, Irene / Grimshaw, Damian / Schulten, T. (eds.), Minimum Wage Regimes: Statutory Regulation, Collective Bargaining and Adequate Levels. (Routledge Research in Comparative Politics) 352 pp. 2021:6 (Routledge, UK) <662-P1446>
ISBN 978-1-138-39238-0 hard ¥27,192.- (税込) GB£ 120.00 *

This book goes beyond traditional minimum wage research to investigate the interplay between different country and sectoral institutional settings and actors' strategies in the field of minimum wage policies. It asks which strategies and motives, namely free collective bargaining, fair pay and/or minimum income protection, are emphasised by social actors with respect to the regulation and adaptation of (statutory) minimum wages. Taking an actor-centered institutionalist approach, and employing cross-country comparative studies, sector studies and single country accounts of change, the book relates institutional and labour market settings, actors' strategies and power resources with policy and practice outcomes. Looking at the key pay equity indicators of low wage development and women's over-representation among the low paid, it illuminates our understandings about the importance of historical junctures, specific constellations of social actors, and sector- and country-specific actor strategies. Finally, it underlines the important role of social dialogue in shaping an effective minimum wage policy. This book will be of key interest to scholars, students and policy-makers and practitioners in industrial relations, international human resource management, labour studies, labour market policy, inequality studies, trade union studies, European politics and political economy.

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31

欧州の労働市場における移民、難民、亡命希望者の統合
Federico, Veronica / Baglioni, Simone (eds.), Migrants, Refugees and Asylum Seekers' Integration in European Labour Markets: A Comparative Approach on Legal Barriers and Enablers. (IMISCOE Research Series) 258 pp. 2021:5 (Springer, GW) <662-P1448>
ISBN 978-3-030-67283-6 hard ¥9,324.- (税込) EUR 49.99 *
ISBN 978-3-030-67286-7 paper ¥7,421.- (税込) EUR 39.99

This open access book discusses how, and to what extent, the legal and institutional regimes and the socio-cultural environments of a range of European countries (the Czech Republic, Denmark, Finland, Greece, Italy, Switzerland and the UK), in the framework of EU laws and policies, have a beneficial or negative impact on the effective capacity of these countries to integrate migrants, refugees and asylum seekers into their labour markets. The analysis builds on the understanding of socio-cultural, institutional and legal factors as "barriers" or "enablers"; elements that may facilitate or obstruct the integration processes. The book examines the two dimensions of integration being access to the labour market (which, translated into a rights language means the right to work) with its corollaries (recognition of qualifications, vocational training, etc.), and non-discriminatory working conditions (which, translated into a rights language means right to both formal and substantial equality) and its corollaries of benefits and duties deriving from joining the labour market. It thereby offers a novel approach to labour market integration and migration/asylum issues given its focus on legal aspects, which includes most recent policy changes and legal decisions (including litigation cases). The robust, evidence-based and comparative research illustrated in the book provides academics and students, but also practitioners and policy makers, with up to date knowledge that will likely impact positively on policy changes needed to better address integration conundrums.

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32

雇用、労働組合、階級-危機以後の南欧における労働市場-
Ioannou, Gregoris, Employment, Trade Unionism and Class: The Labour Market in Southern Europe since the Crisis. (Routledge Research in Employment Relations) 224 pp. 2021:7 (Routledge, UK) <662-P1450>
ISBN 978-0-367-14288-9 hard ¥27,192.- (税込) GB£ 120.00 *

The economic crisis has brought about a watershed in institutional, political, and social relations, reshaping the labour market and the class structure in southern Europe. This book provides a critical comparative assessment of the dynamics of change in the employment field, focusing on Spain, Greece, and Cyprus. The book assesses how the liberalization and deregulation processes and the promotion of market-enhancing reforms progressed in three different national settings, identifying the forces, agents, contexts, and mechanisms shaping the employment and industrial relations systems. The comparative perspective used deciphers the interplay of external and internal dynamics in the restructuring of the labour field in Southern Europe, examining austerity and its contestation in connection with prevailing societal ideologies and class shifts. The first part of the book sets the theoretical and historical context, the second is comprised of three empirical national case studies, and the third discusses comparatively the handling of the crisis, its impact, and its legacy from the standpoint of a decade later. The book presents differences in industrial relations systems, trade union forms, and class composition dynamics, accounting for the development of the crisis and the reshaping of the employment field after one decade of crisis. It will be of value to researchers, academics, professionals, and students working on issues of employment and industrial relations, labour market and labour law, political economy and class structure, as well as those interested in the contemporary society and economy of southern Europe in general, and Spain, Greece, and Cyprus in particular.

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33

Klein, Fabian, The Role of Scientific Expertise in Minimum Wage Policy Making: The Cases of Germany, the United Kingdom, and the United States. (Vergleichende Politikwissenschaft) 228 pp. 2021:3 (Springer VS, GW) <662-P1451>
ISBN 978-3-658-32745-3 paper ¥12,179.- (税込) EUR 64.99

This book examines the role of scientific expertise in minimum wage policy making in Germany, the United Kingdom, and the United States. It finds that scientific research is an important part of the public discourse on minimum wages in all three countries. Newspapers frequently cite scholars and research institutions, providing their readers with a good sense of how scientific research evaluates the effects of minimum wages. How often this happens depends on the context. Most importantly, newspapers from the United States cite researchers more frequently than newspapers from the two European countries. The book also shows that scientific research influences the policy preferences of political actors such as trade unions, political parties, and government agencies. The influence is based on policy-oriented learning. It is strong in Germany and the United Kingdom, and weaker in the United States. In both cases, cross-country differences are found to be related to different styles of using scientific expertise in the three countries.

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34

Lucev, Josip, Systemic Cycle and Institutional Change: Labor Markets in the USA, Germany and China. 324 pp. 2021:2 (Palgrave Macmillan, UK) <662-P1452>
ISBN 978-3-030-66052-9 hard ¥20,742.- (税込) EUR 109.99

This book explores endogenous institutional change and the global, cyclical, and power-based drivers that underpin it. A metatheoretical framework is presented to highlight the influence of path dependence, systemic cycle driven power relations, and institutional design on the development of labor institutions. The framework is applied to the USA, Germany, and China to provide a comparative economic perspective. Systemic Cycle and Institutional Change: Labor Markets in the USA, Germany and China aims to examine endogenous institutional change through analyzing the systemic cycle and bringing together global and national conceptions of capitalism. It is relevant to students and researchers interested in comparative economics, political economy, and labor economics.

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35

Monteith, William / Vicol, D.-O. / Williams, P. (eds.), Beyond the Wage: Ordinary Work in Diverse Economies. 248 pp. 2021:6 (Bristol U. Pr., UK) <662-P1454>
ISBN 978-1-5292-0893-1 hard ¥16,995.- (税込) GB£ 75.00 *

Recent developments in the organization of work and production have facilitated the decline of wage employment in many regions of the world. However, the idea of the wage continues to dominate the political imaginations of governments, researchers and activists, based on the historical experiences of industrial workers in the global North. This edited collection revitalises debates on the future of work by challenging the idea of wage employment as the global norm. Taking theoretical inspiration from the global South, the authors compare lived experiences of 'ordinary work' across taken-for-granted conceptual and geographical boundaries; from Cambodian brick kilns to Catalonian cooperatives. Their contributions open up new possibilities for how work, identity and security might be woven together differently. This volume is an invaluable resource for academics, students and readers interested in alternative and emerging forms of work around the world.

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36

馬欣欣著中国における女性の雇用とジェンダー・ギャップ
Ma, Xinxin, Female Employment and Gender Gaps in China. (Hitotsubashi University IER Economic Research Series 48) 179 pp. 2021:7 (Springer, GW) <662-P1154>
ISBN 978-981-3369-03-0 hard ¥20,742.- (税込) EUR 109.99 *

This open access book investigates female employment and the gender gap in the labor market and households during China's economic transition period. It provides the reader with academic evidence for understanding the mechanism of female labor force participation, the determinants of the gender gap in the labor market, and the impact of policy transformation on women's wages and employment in China from an economics perspective. The main content of this book includes three parts-women's family responsibilities and women's labor supply (child care, parent care, and women's employment), the gender gap in the labor market and society (gender gaps in wages, Communist Party membership, and participation in social activity), and the impacts of policy transformation on women's wages and employment (the social security system and the educational expansion policy on women's wages and employment) in China. This book provides academic evidence about these issues based on economics theories and econometric analysis methods using many kinds of long-term Chinese national survey data. This book is highly recommended to readers who are interested in up-to-date and in-depth empirical studies of the gender gap and women's employment in China during the economic transition period. This book is of interest to various groups such as readers who are interested in the Chinese economy, policymakers, and scholars with econometric analysis backgrounds.

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37

Quan, Heng, Forty Years of Renovating the Income Distribution in China: Experience, Theory and Expectation. 299 pp. 2021:2 (Springer, GW) <662-P1155>
ISBN 978-981-3362-43-7 hard ¥20,742.- (税込) EUR 109.99

This book focuses on an attractive theoretical subject as well as a practical issue, which analyses the inner relationship of economic growth and income distribution in China. During the forty years of China's reform and opening up many influential changes occurred in the structure of the national income distribution, the mechanism of income distribution, and the policies of distributing income with the high-speed development of China. From historical and regional analysis, this book collects a good deal of data and objectively summarizes the practice and experience of renovation of income distribution in China. Based upon the summary and conclusion above, the book paraphrases and creates a conceptual mechanism, a basic theory, and a basic methodology of socialism with Chinese characteristics and discovers the internal rules of the changing relationship between high-speed economic development and income distribution in China to guide and facilitate the further improvement and innovative development of income distribution in China. Furthermore, the book enriches the political economy theory of socialism with Chinese characteristics in the aspect of practical experience, as well as theory.

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38

グリーンランドの経済と労働市場
Hogedahl, Laust (ed.), Greenland's Economy and Labour Markets. (Routledge Research in Polar Regions) 200 pp. 2021:8 (Routledge, UK) <662-P1102>
ISBN 978-0-367-51619-2 hard ¥27,192.- (税込) GB£ 120.00 *

This book explores structural changes in Greenland's economy and labour markets due to the transformative effects of climatic changes and growing international attention. It offers multidisciplinary perspectives from economists, sociologists, and political scientists to demonstrate how the Greenlandic economy works. Due to an increasing focus on the Arctic area and Greenland in particular, the book seeks to understand the functioning and dynamics of Greenland's labour economy, as well as the challenges that arise from the melting ice and internationalisation. It fills a substantive gap in the existing literature by compiling research on these critical subjects and exploring current and future opportunities for labourers. Today, Greenland is reliant on large financial subsidies from Denmark to provide for a large share of its national budget. This fuels Greenland's political ambition to gain greater independence from Denmark, which requires more private sector growth to develop a sustainable economy. This book thus contains an exhaustive introduction to important business development themes such as macroeconomics, markets, labour supply, labour market policies, and institutions and considers Greenland's colonial past, great Inuit heritage, and unique geography and nature to re-shape its economy and labour markets. Informed by a lucid writing style, each chapter casts light on different economic and social issues of Greenland. This is the first international book on Greenland's economy which discusses its geopolitical importance and prospects for the Arctic region. It will be a valuable point of reference for students and academics of economics, Arctic research and political economy.

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39

Mendez, Carlos, Convergence Clubs in Labor Productivity and its Proximate Sources: Evidence from Developed and Developing Countries. (SpringerBriefs in Economics) 67 pp. 2020:12 (Springer, GW) <661-P918>
ISBN 978-981-15-8628-6 paper ¥9,324.- (税込) EUR 49.99

Testing for economic convergence across countries has been a central issue in the literature of economic growth and development. This book introduces a modern framework to study the cross-country convergence dynamics in labor productivity and its proximate sources: capital accumulation and aggregate efficiency. In particular, recent convergence dynamics of developed as well as developing countries are evaluated through the lens of a non-linear dynamic factor model and a clustering algorithm for panel data. This framework allows us to examine key economic phenomena such as technological heterogeneity and multiple equilibria. In this context, the book provides a succinct review of the recent club convergence literature, a comparative view of developed and developing countries, and a tutorial on how to implement the club convergence framework in the statistical software Stata.

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40

Ashmarina, Svetlana Igorevna / Mantulenko, V. V. (eds.), Digital Economy and the New Labor Market: Jobs, Competences and Innovative HR Technologies. (Lecture Notes in Networks and Systems 161) 793 pp. 2020:10 (Springer, GW) <661-P1420>
ISBN 978-3-030-60925-2 paper ¥37,869.- (税込) EUR 199.99

This proceedings book contains papers presented at the XI International Online Forum named after A.Ya. Kibanov "Innovative Personnel Management,", which took place in Moscow, Russian Federation, 15th April-5th May 2020. Organized by Moscow State University of Management, the Forum chiefly focused on HR management issues under conditions of active penetration of IT into the management and economic sphere. The authors of contributions included in this book examine both the theoretical basis for the development of the labor landscape in our digital future, and specific practical issues related to the real business practice. The book includes results of multidisciplinary studies on the following issues: employment and the labor market: a future perspective; current trends of HR management development in digital conditions; IT for creating healthy work conditions; digital transformation and new architecture of the labor market; innovative, strategic HR management and HR analytics; leadership, etc. The book consists of six parts corresponding to thematic areas of the Forum. The first part deals with the transformation of the labor market under the influence of digitalization and international economic relations. The second part is devoted to the analysis of the current changes in the HR management caused by digitalization, as well as issues of creating a healthy work environment and managing well-being with information technology. New architecture of the labor market is considered in the third part of the book in the face of the global uncertainty and the application of digital technology in entrepreneurial activities. The fourth part investigates innovative approaches to the personnel development: from resource management to capacity management. The fifth part presents strategic HR management and HR analytics in the context of current macro-calls. And finally, the sixth part is aimed at considering leadership aspects and relations between investments in the human capital and needed business results. This book is a combination of different scientific opinions and research works of scholars from different countries and regions, offering us a colorful picture of the future labor landscape: jobs, competences and skills that will be in demand.

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41

Blanchflower, David G., Not Working With a new preface by the author. 464 pp. 2021:3 (Princeton U. Pr., US) <661-P1421>
ISBN 978-0-691-20549-6 paper ¥2,633.- (税込) US$ 19.95 *

A candid explanation of how the labor market really works and is central to everything-and why it is not as healthy as we thinkRelying on unemployment numbers is a dangerous way to gauge how the labor market is doing. Because of a false sense of optimism prior to the COVID-19 shock, the working world was more vulnerable than it should have been. Not Working is about how people want full-time work at a decent wage and how the plight of the underemployed contributes to widespread despair, a worsening drug epidemic, and the unchecked rise of right-wing populism. David Blanchflower explains why the economy since the Great Recession is vastly different from what came before, and calls out our leaders for their continued failure to address one of the most unacknowledged social catastrophes of our time. This revelatory and outspoken book is his candid report on how the young and the less skilled are among the worst casualties of underemployment, how immigrants are taking the blame, and how the epidemic of unhappiness and self-destruction will continue to spread unless we deal with it. Especially urgent now, Not Working is an essential guide to strengthening the labor market for all when we need it most.

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42

労働市場、移民、移動性-J.Poot記念論集
Cochrane, William / Cameron, Michael P. / Alimi, O. (eds.), Labor Markets, Migration, and Mobility: Essays in Honor of Jacques Poot. (New Frontiers in Regional Science: Asian Perspectives 45) 231 pp. 2021:3 (Springer, GW) <661-P1422>
ISBN 978-981-15-9274-4 hard ¥20,742.- (税込) EUR 109.99 *

This volume is devoted to three key themes central to studies in regional science: the sub-national labor market, migration, and mobility, and their analysis. The book brings together essays that cover a wide range of topics including the development of uncertainty in national and subnational population projections; the impacts of widening and deepening human capital; the relationship between migration, neighborhood change, and area-based urban policy; the facilitating role played by outmigration and remittances in economic transition; and the contrasting importance of quality of life and quality of business for domestic and international migrants. All of the contributions here are by leading figures in their fields and employ state-of-the art methodologies. Given the variety of topics and themes covered this book, it will appeal to a broad range of readers interested in both regional science and related disciplines such as demography, population economics, and public policy.

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43

女性と経済-家族、労働、賃金 第4版
Hoffman, Saul D. / Averett, Susan, Women and the Economy 4th ed. 385 pp. 2021:2 (Red Globe Pr., UK) <661-P1423>
ISBN 978-1-352-01200-2 paper ¥12,369.- (税込) EUR 65.99 *

This textbook presents a comprehensive analysis of the enormous changes in women's economic lives around the world, from the family to the labor market. Hoffman and Averett examine a range of fascinating topics such as the effect of rising women's wages and improved labor market opportunities on marriage, the ways in which more reliable contraception has shaped women's adult lives and careers, and the forces behind the phenomenal rise in women's labor force activity. This fourth edition addresses important topics of discussion through brand new chapters on gender in economics and race and gender in the USA. It incorporates the latest research findings throughout, many of which are featured in helpful call-out boxes, and illustrated with new graphs and figures. This is invaluable reading for undergraduate and postgraduate students of economics, development and women's studies. The level of economic analysis is suitable for students with basic economics knowledge.

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44

S.M.ジャコービィ著 金融の時代における労働
Jacoby, Sanford M., Labor in the Age of Finance: Pensions, Politics, and Corporations from Deindustrialization to Dodd-Frank. 360 pp. 2021:6 (Princeton U. Pr., US) <661-P1425>
ISBN 978-0-691-21720-8 hard ¥4,851.- (税込) US$ 35.00 *

From award-winning economic historian Sanford M. Jacoby, a fascinating and important study of the labor movement and shareholder capitalismSince the 1970s, American unions have shrunk dramatically, as has their economic clout. Labor in the Age of Finance traces the search for new sources of power, showing how unions turned financialization to their advantage.Sanford Jacoby catalogs the array of allies and finance-based tactics labor deployed to stanch membership losses in the private sector. By leveraging pension capital, unions restructured corporate governance around issues like executive pay and accountability. In Congress, they drew on their political influence to press for corporate reforms in the wake of business scandals and the financial crisis. The effort restrained imperial CEOs but could not bridge the divide between workers and owners. Wages lagged behind investor returns, feeding the inequality identified by Occupy Wall Street. And labor's slide continued.A compelling blend of history, economics, and politics, Labor in the Age of Finance explores the paradox of capital bestowing power to labor in the tumultuous era of Enron, Lehman Brothers, and Dodd-Frank.

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45

Khan, Javaid Iqbal, Muslims in Indian Labour Market: Access and Opportunities. 292 pp. 2020 (Sage, UK) <661-P1427>
ISBN 978-93-5328-645-3 hard ¥11,330.- (税込) GB£ 50.00 *

Muslims in Indian Labour Market: Access and Opportunities analyses closely the notion of discrimination against Muslims, the resultant alleged inequality of opportunity and their validity in terms of access to and absorption in the Indian labour market. Using rigorous theoretical, conceptual and empirical frameworks, the book discusses extensively the concept of opportunity of employment and access to existing opportunities. The prevalent socio-economic and political factors are untangled and the characteristic features of job seekers are analysed. The book explains the nuances behind the alleged deprivation of Indian Muslims through an empirical investigation of distribution of employment opportunities based on National Sample Survey Organization (NSSO) data. In pursuance of the same idea, the book operationalizes data within the framework of the Human Opportunity Index of the World Bank and puts the debate regarding discrimination against Muslims to empirical testing. Due to its rigorous approach and coverage, the book will prove indispensable for gaining a firm understanding of the actual status and role of Muslims in the Indian labour market.

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46

Munta, Mario, EU Socio-Economic Governance in Central and Eastern Europe: The European Semester and National Employment Policies. (Routledge Studies on Government and the European Union) 304 pp. 2021:4 (Routledge, UK) <661-P1430>
ISBN 978-0-367-69753-2 hard ¥27,192.- (税込) GB£ 120.00 *

This book investigates to what extent and how the European Semester impacts on national employment policy in four EU member states of the Central and Eastern European (CEE) region. Using an original theoretical and methodological framework, and based on empirical evidence from extensive interviews with experts in the field, this book examines the relation between EU preferences, exemplified by the yearly list of country-specific recommendations, and national policy responses to EU suggestions, tracing the extent to which policy change can be attributed to the influence of the European Semester. It extracts three potential mechanisms of European Semester influence on policy change: External pressure, mutual learning and creative appropriation and identifies key contributing and inhibiting factors. The book provides several policy recommendations regarding the organisation and workings of the European Semester process. This text will be of key interest to students, academics and practitioners in European and EU politics, EU socio-economic governance, EU social policy, European integration, soft Europeanization and the Europeanization of Central and Eastern Europe.

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47

ラテンアメリカとカリブ海における危機と労働市場
Silva, Joana / Sousa, L. / Packard, T. et al., Crises and Labor Markets in Latin America and the Caribbean: Lessons for an Inclusive Recovery from the COVID-19 Pandemic. 2021:4 (World Bank, US) <661-P1189>
ISBN 978-1-4648-1672-7 paper ¥6,527.- (税込) US$ 43.00

A better policy framework for preventing, managing, and helping people recover from crises is crucial to lifting long-term growth and livelihoods in Latin America and the Caribbean (LAC). The need for this policy framework has never been more urgent as the region faces the monumental task of recovery from the worldwide COVID-19 pandemic. Whether specific policy responses will deliver the expected growth dividends will depend on the underlying vision of how labor markets adjust to crises and the quality of the policies enacted. This report estimates how crises change labor market flows, assesses how these changes affect people, and discusses the key policy responses.The key findings are threefold. First, crises have significant impacts on employment dynamics and structure in Latin America. Different labor market dynamics hide behind similar reductions in labor demand. Crises increase unemployment. This is the principal margin of adjustment despite highly informal labor markets. Across the region, the biggest employment losses are in the formal sector, driven by a reduction in job-finding rates rather than higher job-loss rates. Adjustment through reduction in hours worked does not seem to be an important factor in most countries' formal or informal sectors. Crises do not just shape worker flows temporarily-they have significant after-crisis effects on the structure of employment that last for several years. These effects are such that good job opportunities are gradually shrinking. Whereas in some countries the whole economy shrinks, in others informality serves as a partial buffer. Second, crises leave scars. Some workers recover from displacement and other livelihood shocks, while others are permanently scarred. For lower-skilled workers, earnings losses are persistent. Workers with higher education suffer no impacts of the crisis on their wages and very short-lived impacts on their employment. The responses are similar across male and female workers and workers with high and low previous participation in the formal labor market. New entrants to the labor market during a crisis face a worse career start - one from which it is difficult to recover. Yet, crises also bring efficiency gains, as detailed in this report.This study finds that both the structure of product markets and the conditions in local labor markets matter for the severity of crisis-induced employment and earnings losses across localities and sectors. Workers in more protected sectors that enjoy rents are sheltered from adjustment, while workers in localities with more informality cope better. This suggests the need for integrated responses at the worker, sector, and locality levels.Third, this study considers how the region's policy frameworks can more effectively respond to crises-mitigating scarring, speeding adjustment, and promoting long-term growth. It proposes a three-pronged strategy, including (i) creating a more stable macroeconomic environment at the aggregate level to smooth the impacts of crises, including "automatic stabilizers" such as countercyclical, publicly-financed income support that is lacking in LAC; (ii) increasing the capacity of social protection and labor policies to provide income support as well prepare workers for change through reemployment assistance; and (iii) tackling structural issues, including addressing product market competition, contestability issues, and the spatial dimension behind poor labor market adjustment.

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48

ガーナの都市部における人々、仕事、社会サービス
Arroyo-Arroyo, Fatima, Connecting the Dots: People, Jobs and Social Services in Urban Ghana. (International Development in Focus) 150 pp. 2021:3 (World Bank, US) <661-P1155>
ISBN 978-1-4648-1676-5 paper ¥6,223.- (税込) US$ 41.50

This report analyzes constraints on accessing jobs and social services in three Ghanaian cities (Accra, Kumasi, and Tamale), with a strong focus on specific challenges encountered by vulnerable people. The report outlines practical interventions for achieving more inclusive and sustainable access.

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49

モロッコの仕事の景観-包括的な労働市場への制約を確認する-
Lopez-Acevedo, Gladys / Betcherman, Gordon / Khellahf, A. et al., Morocco's Jobs Landscape: Identifying Constraints to an Inclusive Labor Market. 122 pp. 2021 (World Bank, US) <661-P1148>
ISBN 978-1-4648-1678-9 paper ¥6,223.- (税込) US$ 41.50 *

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50

Nayyar, Gaurav / Hallward-Driemeier, M. / Davies, E., At Your Service?: The Promise of Services-Led Development. (The World Bank Productivity Project) 280 pp. 2021 (World Bank, US) <661-P1075>
ISBN 978-1-4648-1671-0 paper ¥7,286.- (税込) US$ 48.50 *

Considering technological change and linkages between sectors while differentiating across types of services, this book assesses the scope of a services-driven development model and policy directions that maximize its potential.

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