哲学・社会思想・宗教

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社会思想史

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1

Radcliffe, Elizabeth S., Hume on the Nature of Morality. (Elements in Ethics) 75 pp. 2022:1 (Cambridge U. Pr., UK) <667-29>
ISBN 978-1-108-70656-8 paper ¥2,887.- (税込) GB£ 15.00

David Hume's moral system involves considerations that seem at odds with one another. He insists on the reality of moral distinctions, while showing that they are founded on the human constitution. He notes the importance to morality of the consequences of actions, while emphasizing that motives are the subjects of moral judgments. He appeals to facts about human psychology as the basis for an argument that morality is founded, not on reason, but on sentiment. Yet, he insists that no "ought" can follow from an "is." He thinks that our motivation to justice must derive from our nature. Yet, he wonders how to explain why anyone would be motivated to follow rules when doing so does not further their personal interests. As an empiricist, his approach is descriptive, yet morality is prescriptive. This Element addresses these puzzles in Hume's moral theory, with reference to historical and contemporary discussions.

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2

スコットランド啓蒙思想-C.ベリー記念論集
Mills, Robin / Smith, Craig (eds.), The Scottish Enlightenment: Human Nature, Social Theory and Moral Philosophy: Essays in Honour of Christopher Berry. 344 pp. 2021:3 (Edinburgh U. Pr., UK) <667-28>
ISBN 978-1-4744-6731-5 hard ¥19,261.- (税込) GB£ 85.00

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3

Lex, Nina, Wer, wenn nicht ich?: Eine Subjekttheorie der Reziprozitaet nach Jean-Jacques Rousseau. (Epistemata Philosophie 617) 220 S. 2021:7 (Koenigshausen & Neumann, GW) <667-26>
ISBN 978-3-8260-7334-2 paper ¥6,470.- (税込) EUR 34.80

Jean-Jacques Rousseau war und ist immer vieles, denn Rousseau ist ein ?Kampfplatz?. Die vielen kontroversen und disparaten Rousseau- Bilder geben ihn als Totalitarist, Ketzer, Ikone der franzoesischen Revolution oder auch Newton der Moralphilosophie wieder. Dennoch machte er sich vor allem im Kontext der politischen Philosophie und der paedagogischen Reformbewegungen einen Namen. Straeflich vernachlaessigt wurde mit diesem verengten Fokus aber seine Subjekttheorie und die daraus resultierenden sozial-politischen Konsequenzen. Dieses Buch versucht genau jene Luecke zu schliessen und macht besonders den Emile, das Werk, welches Rousseau selbst als sein wichtigstes bezeichnete, zugaenglich fuer den aktuellen Diskurs ueber Selbstheit, Anerkennung und soziale Pathologien. Vorgeschlagen wird eine konstruktive Loesung des alten Konflikts zwischen Individuum und Gesellschaft, durch die Rousseau sich als Stichwortgeber und Vorreiter reziproker wie egalitaerer Gesellschaftsstrukturen verstehen laesst. Ein wertvoller Beitrag, um die laengst ueberholten, aber sich stets noch hartnaeckig haltenden Rousseau-Klischees zu ueberwinden. Das Spektrum seiner Theorie wird damit entscheidend erweitert und liefert so vor allem auch zu aktuellen Diskursen einen wertvollen Beitrag.

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4

A.スミスと神の見えざる手
Long, Brendan, Adam Smith and the Invisible Hand of God. (Routledge New Critical Thinking in Religion, Theology and Biblical Studies) 304 pp. 2022:1 (Routledge, UK) <667-27>
ISBN 978-1-03-213757-5 hard ¥27,192.- (税込) GB£ 120.00

This book contributes to the 'new view' reading of Adam Smith, providing a historically and contextually rich interpretation of Smith's thought. Smith built a moral philosophy on the foundations of a natural theology of human sociality. Examination of his life, relationship with David Hume, and use of divine names shows that he retained a progressive form of Christian theism. The book interrogates the metaphor of the 'invisible hand' and highlights the importance of the religious dimension of Adam Smith's thought for his moral philosophy, his jurisprudence and his economics. It reflects on the contemporary relevance of a theological reading of Smith and lays the ground for further inquiry between economic and religious perspectives.

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Breban, Laurie / Denieul, S. / Sultan-Villet, E. (dir.), La science des moeurs au siecle des Lumieres: conception et experimentations. (Rencontres. Serie Le dix-huitieme siecle 518) 367 p. 2021:10 (Classiques Garnier, FR) <667-24>
ISBN 978-2-406-11901-2 hard ¥14,462.- (税込) EUR 76.00
ISBN 978-2-406-11900-5 paper ¥7,231.- (税込) EUR 38.00

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6

Galaty, David, Modern European Intellectual History: Individuals, Groupings, and Technological Change, 1800-2000. 448 pp. 2022:2 (Bloomsbury Academic, UK) <667-25>
ISBN 978-1-350-10540-9 hard ¥20,394.- (税込) GB£ 90.00
ISBN 978-1-350-10539-3 paper ¥6,344.- (税込) GB£ 28.99

This non-technical introduction to modern European intellectual history traces the evolution of ideas in Europe from the turn of the 19th century to the modern day. Placing particular emphasis on the huge technological and scientific change that has taken place over the last two centuries, David Galaty shows how intellectual life has been driven by the conditions and problems posed by this world of technology. In everything from theories of beauty to studies in metaphysics, the technologically-based modern world has stimulated a host of competing theories and intellectual systems, often built around the opposing notions of 'the power of the individual' versus collectivist ideals like community, nation, tradition and transcendent experience. In an accessible, jargon-free style, Modern European Intellectual History unpicks these debates and historically analyses how thought has developed in Europe since the time of the French Revolution. Among other topics, the book explores: * The Kantian Revolution * Feminism and the Suffrage Movement * Socialism and Marxism * Nationalism * Structuralism * Quantum theory * Developments in the Arts * Postmodernism * Big Data and the Cyber Century Highly illustrated with 80 images and 10 tables, and further supported by an online Instructor's Guidet, this is the most important student resource on modern European intellectual history available today.

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7

McOuat, Gordon / Stewart, Larry (eds.), Spaces of Enlightenment Science. (Knowledge Infrastructure and Knowledge Economy 8) 212 pp. 2022:1 (Brill, NE) <666-53>
ISBN 978-90-04-50121-8 hard ¥22,074.- (税込) EUR 116.00

Where did we do science in the Enlightenment and why? This volume brings together leading historians of Early Modern science to explore the places, spaces, and exchanges of Enlightenment knowledge production. Adding to our understanding of the "geographies of knowledge", it examines the relationship between "space" and "place", institutions, "objects", and "ideas", showing the ways in which the location of science really matters. Contributors are Robert Iliffe, Victor Boantza, Margaret Carlyle, Jasmine Kilburn-Toppin, Trevor H. Levere, Alice Marples, Gordon McOuat, Larry Stewart, Marie Thebaud-Sorger, and Simon Werrett.

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8

I.メサーロシュ著 リヴァイアサンを超えて-国家の批判-
Meszaros, Istvan, Beyond Leviathan: Critique of the State. Ed. & intro. by J. B. Foster. 512 pp. 2022:2 (Monthly Review, US) <666-54>
ISBN 978-1-58367-950-0 hard ¥16,117.- (税込) US$ 99.00
ISBN 978-1-58367-949-4 paper ¥5,535.- (税込) US$ 34.00

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9

Suitner, Riccarda, The Dialogues of the Dead of the Early German Enlightenment. Tr. by G. Goldbloom. (Brill's Series in Church History 83) 293 pp. 2021:12 (Brill, NE) <666-55>
ISBN 978-90-04-45453-8 hard ¥23,026.- (税込) EUR 121.00

For the first time, this book reconstructs the fascinating story of a series of anonymous "dialogues of the dead" published in Germany in the early eighteenth century. The texts stage fictional debates between some of the most famous thinkers of the seventeenth and early eighteenth centuries, such as Descartes, Leibniz, Thomasius and Bekker. The dialogues were originally published as cheap prints and very few copies now survive; until today the links between these texts and the very existence of this textual corpus have remained unknown. Starting from the little reliable information available, Riccarda Suitner conducts an exciting investigation of the authors, production, illustrations, circulation and plagiarism of these texts in the intellectual world of the early eighteenth century, proposing a new image of the German Enlightenment. The German edition of this book was awarded the prestigious Geisteswissenschaften international prize.

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10

Franco, Paul, Rousseau, Nietzsche, and the Image of the Human. 200 pp. 2021:9 (U. Chicago Pr., US) <666-52>
ISBN 978-0-226-80030-1 hard ¥4,851.- (税込) US$ 35.00

In Rousseau, Nietzsche, and the Image of the Human, Paul Franco examines the relationship between Jean-Jacques Rousseau and Friedrich Nietzsche, arguably the two most influential shapers and explorers of the moral and cultural imagination of late modernity. Both thinkers leveled radical critiques of modern life, but those critiques differed in important respects. Whereas Rousseau focused on the growing inequality of modern society and the hypocrisy, self-division, and loss of civic virtue it spawned, Nietzsche decried the democratic equality he identified with Rousseau and the loss of individual and cultural greatness it entailed. Franco argues, however, that Rousseau and Nietzsche are more than mere critics; they both put forward powerful alternative visions of how we ought to live. Franco focuses specifically on their views of the self and its realization, their understandings of women and the relation between the sexes, and their speculative conceptions of politics. While there are many similarities in their positive visions, Franco argues that it is the differences between them from which we have most to learn.

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11

Beiderbeck, Friedrich / Gantet, Claire (Hrsg.), Wissenskulturen in der Leibniz-Zeit: Konzepte - Praktiken - Vermittlung. (Cultures and Practices of Knowledge in History 9) 330 S. 2021:6 (de Gruyter Oldenbourg, GW) <666-49>
ISBN 978-3-11-073534-5 hard ¥15,033.- (税込) EUR 79.95 *

Der Universalgelehrte Leibniz war ein herausragendes Mitglied eines fruehmodernen Netzwerkes, das aus vielfaeltigen internationalen Gelehrtenkreise bestand. Amtstraeger aus Politik und Gesellschaft praesentierten, diskutierten und modifizierten neuartiges Wissen und nahmen damit an der zukunftstraechtigen Entwicklung teil. Die Beitraege des Bandes erhellen, wie auf diese Weise der Naehrboden fuer eine fruehneuzeitliche Oeffentlichkeit geschaffen wurde.

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Branchi, Andrea, Pride, Manners, and Morals: Bernard Mandeville's Anatomy of Honour. (Brill's Studies in Intellectual History 334) 220 pp. 2021:12 (Brill, NE) <666-50>
ISBN 978-90-04-19451-9 hard ¥16,936.- (税込) EUR 89.00

In Pride, Manners, and Morals: Bernard Mandeville's Anatomy of Honour Andrea Branchi offers a reading of the Anglo-Dutch physician and thinker's philosophical project from the hitherto neglected perspective of his lifelong interest in the theme of honour. Through an examination of Mandeville's anatomy of early eighteenth-century beliefs, practices and manners in terms of motivating passions, the book traces the development of his thought on human nature and the origin of sociability. By making honour and its roots in the desire for recognition the central thread of Mandeville's theory of society, Andrea Branchi offers a unified reading of his work and highlights his relevance as a thinker far beyond the moral problem of commercial societies, opening up new perspectives in Mandeville's studies.

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13

Fikri Alican, Necip, Mill's Principle of Utility Rev. & Enlarged ed. (Value Inquiry Book Series / Philosophy, Literature, and Politics 366) 414 pp. 2022:1 (Brill, NE) <666-51>
ISBN 978-90-04-50387-8 hard ¥31,399.- (税込) EUR 165.00

Mill's Principle of Utility: Origins, Proof, and Implications is a defense of John Stuart Mill's utilitarianism with a particular emphasis on his proof of the principle of utility. Supplemented by a comprehensive historical background as well as salient philosophical assumptions and implications, its primary contribution is an analysis, interpretation, and defense of the controversial proof, which has yet to attract a scholarly consensus on how it works and whether it succeeds. The overarching aim of the book is the vindication of Mill's reasoning in the proof and the restoration of his reputation as one of the clearest thinkers of his time.

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Birgferld, Johannes / Catani, Stephanie u. a. (Hrsg.), Aufklaerungen: Strategien und Kontroversen von 17. bis 21. Jahrhundert. (Beihefte zum EUPHORION 117) 492 S. 2021:12 (Winter, GW) <665-26>
ISBN 978-3-8253-4822-9 hard ¥11,037.- (税込) EUR 58.00

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15

Crimmins, James E., Utilitarianism in the Early American Republic. (Routledge Innovations in Political Theory) 244 pp. 2021:11 (Routledge, UK) <665-27>
ISBN 978-0-367-54526-0 hard ¥27,192.- (税込) GB£ 120.00

In Utilitarianism in the Early American Republic James E. Crimmins provides a fresh perspective on the history of antebellum American political thought. Based on a broad-ranging study of the dissemination and reception of utilitarian ideas in the areas of constitutional politics, law education, law reform, moral theory and political economy, Crimmins illustrates the complexities of the place of utilitarianism in the intellectual ferment of the times, in both its secular and religious forms, intersection with other doctrines, and practical outcomes. The pragmatic character of American political thought revealed-culminating in the postbellum rise of Pragmatism-stands in marked contrast to the conventional interpretations of intellectual history in this period. Utilitarianism in the Early American Republic will be of interest to academic specialists, and graduate and senior undergraduate students engaged in the history of political thought, moral philosophy and legal philosophy, particularly scholars with interests in utilitarianism, the trans-Atlantic transfer of ideas, the American political tradition and modern American intellectual history.

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Kanatli, Mehmet, Private Property, Freedom, and Order: Social Contract Theories from Hobbes To Rawls. 200 pp. 2021:11 (Routledge, UK) <665-28>
ISBN 978-0-367-74742-8 hard ¥27,192.- (税込) GB£ 120.00

This book looks at how the ideas of freedom, property, and order are expressed in modern social contract theories (SCTs). Drawing on the theories of Hobbes, Locke, Rousseau, and Rawls, it studies how notions of freedom promulgated by these SCTs invariably legitimise and defend the private ownership of the means of production. It argues that capitalism's impact on individual dependence and economic inequality still stems from this model, ultimately working in favour of proprietors. The author highlights the problematic nature of SCTs, which work as ideological mechanisms put forward under the guise of formal equality and formal freedom, by focusing on the historical and social context behind them. From a methodological point of view, the author presents a de-ideologization of the contractarian issue and provides insight into the political 'layers' within the discourse of individualism, human nature and morality shaping the outer corners of contractarian theory. An important intervention in the study of SCTs, this volume will be of great interest to scholars and researchers of political and social theory, sociology, political history, and political philosophy.

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Morris, Christopher, Hobbes and Political Contractarianism: Selected Writings. 288 pp. 2022:2 (Oxford U. Pr., UK) <665-29>
ISBN 978-0-19-284300-5 hard ¥12,512.- (税込) GB£ 65.00

This volume presents a selection of David Gauthier's writings on Thomas Hobbes (1588-1679) and the theory of political contractarianism. The eight essays on Hobbes, written over four decades, represent the author's changing understanding of the moral and political theories since the publication of The Logic of Leviathan (OUP, 1969). These include essays on Hobbes on law, challenging influential readings of his legal philosophy, and a previously unpublished piece, 'The True and Only Moral Philosophy', providing a close reading of chapters 13-15 of Leviathan. The four essays on social contract theory include an extended version of 'Political Contractarianism' (1997), Gauthier's well-known 'Public Reason' (1994), and a paper previously available only in French and Spanish translations.

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Sager, Alain, Dictionnaire Voltaire. (Dictionnaire...) 295 p. 2021:6 (Ellipses, FR) <664-76>
ISBN 978-2-340-04783-9 paper ¥3,425.- (税込) EUR 18.50 *

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19

歴史的視点におけるヒュームの哲学
Stewart, M. A., Hume's Philosophy in Historical Perspective. 400 pp. 2022:1 (Oxford U. Pr., UK) <664-77>
ISBN 978-0-19-954731-9 hard ¥15,400.- (税込) GB£ 80.00

David Hume was a highly original thinker. Nevertheless, he was a writer of his time and place in the history of philosophy. In this book, M. A. Stewart puts Hume's writing in context, particularly that of his native Scotland, but also that of British and European philosophy more generally. Through meticulous research Stewart brings to life the circumstances by means of which we can get a deeper understanding of Hume's writings on the nature and reach of human reason, the foundation of morals, and, especially, on the philosophy of religion. Stewart pays particular attention to Hume's intellectual development, beginning with his education at the College of Edinburgh, the writing of his Treatise of Human Nature, and his subsequent philosophical responses to criticisms of that book. He argues that Hume's scepticism set him at odds with the Christian Stoicism of Scottish contemporaries including that of Francis Hutcheson - and shows that this conflict played a major role in his failure to obtain the Edinburgh Moral Philosophy Chair in 1745. Stewart's detailed study of the physical character of Hume's surviving manuscripts in Chapters 8 and 9 provides the best available dating of his early 'Essay on Modern Chivalry', his 'Early Fragment on Evil' and the periods of composition of his Dialogues Concerning Natural Religion. Other chapters compare Hume's theory of abstraction with that of Locke and Berkeley, provide the 17th and 18th century philosophical context of the central argument of his essay 'Of miracles', and consider the 18th and 19th century reception of his writings in England and Ireland.

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20

Adams, Marcus P. (ed.), A Companion to Hobbes. (Blackwell Companions to Philosophy) 544 pp. 2021:12 (Wiley-Blackwell, UK) <664-72>
ISBN 978-1-119-63499-7 hard ¥31,746.- (税込) US$ 195.00 *

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Cazzola, Matilde, The Political Thought of Thomas Spence: Beyond Poverty and Empire. (Ideas beyond Borders) 278 pp. 2021:11 (Routledge, UK) <664-73>
ISBN 978-1-03-206292-1 hard ¥27,192.- (税込) GB£ 120.00 *

The book is an intellectual analysis of the political ideas of English radical thinker Thomas Spence (1750-1814), who was renowned for his "Plan", a proposal for the abolition of private landownership and the replacement of state institutions with a decentralized parochial organization. This system would be realized by means of the revolution of the "swinish multitude", the poor labouring class despised by Edmund Burke and adopted by Spence as his privileged political interlocutor. While he has long been considered an eccentric and anachronistic figure, the book sets out to demonstrate that Spence was a deeply original, thoroughly modern thinker, who translated his themes into a popular language addressing the multitude and publicized his Plan through chapbooks, tokens, and songs. The book is therefore a history of Spence's political thought "from below", designed to decode the subtle complexity of his Plan. It also shows that the Plan featured an excoriating critique of colonialism and slavery as well as a project of global emancipation. By virtue of its transnational scope, the Plan made landfall in the British West Indies a few years after Spence's death. Indeed, Spencean ideas were intellectually implicated in the largest slave revolt in the history of Barbados.

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22

Fain, Lucas, Primal Philosophy: Rousseau with Laplanche. (Primal Philosophy) 216 pp. 2021:1 (Rowman & Littlefield, US) <664-74>
ISBN 978-1-5381-4618-7 hard ¥17,094.- (税込) US$ 105.00

Ever since Martin Heidegger initiated the destruction of the Western philosophical tradition, we have heard that philosophy has come to an end; that metaphysics has exhausted all of its possibilities; that the history of philosophy terminates in nihilism; that we require "another beginning," a return to the tradition of first philosophy, and a renewal of the question of being. For Heidegger, thinking in a postmetaphysical epoch therefore begins with thinking about being, with the consequence that our views about ethics or politics must first depend upon the meaning of being. Primal Philosophy: Rousseau and the Seduction of Happiness calls all of this into question.This book presents the first account of Rousseau's thought on the rootedness of philosophy in the question of happiness, while it simultaneously positions this account at the forefront of a larger effort to combat the nihilistic consequences of Heidegger's decision to found the future of thinking on a radical return to the question of being.

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Quinn, Michael, Bentham. (Classic Thinkers) 250 pp. 2021:11 (Polity Pr., UK) <664-75>
ISBN 978-1-5095-2190-6 hard ¥11,233.- (税込) US$ 69.95
ISBN 978-1-5095-2191-3 paper ¥3,907.- (税込) US$ 24.95

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24

Claeys, Gregory, John Stuart Mill: A Very Short Introduction. (Very Short Introductions) 160 pp. 2022:2 (Oxford U. Pr., UK) <664-4869>
ISBN 978-0-19-874999-8 paper ¥1,628.- (税込)

Very Short Introductions: Brilliant, Sharp, Inspiring John Stuart Mill (1806-73) is widely regarded as the leading liberal philosopher, economist, and political theorist of nineteenth century Britain. In his lifetime he was best known for his System of Logic (1843) and the Principles of Political Economy (1848). Today Mill is chiefly identified with On Liberty (1859), perhaps the definitive text of modern liberal statement of its subject, and probably the single most important work of modern political thought. Mill was also the first major male feminist thinker of the period (author of The Subjection of Women, 1869), and the first, as an MP, to introduce a bill for female enfranchisement before Parliament. This Very Short Introduction offers a brief survey of the life and key ideas of this most influential Victorian British writer. Moving chronologically, Gregory Claeys outlines the philosophical background out of which Mill developed, chiefly through the ideas of Jeremy Bentham and James Mill. He demonstrates how Mill's personal life, especially his 'mental crisis' of 1827, and his relationship with Harriet Taylor, were integral to his intellectual development. Throughout Claeys considers Mill's key works set within the context of his lesser writings and correspondence, and discusses the more controversial aspects of his thought concerning religion, secularism, and birth control. ABOUT THE SERIES: The Very Short Introductions series from Oxford University Press contains hundreds of titles in almost every subject area. These pocket-sized books are the perfect way to get ahead in a new subject quickly. Our expert authors combine facts, analysis, perspective, new ideas, and enthusiasm to make interesting and challenging topics highly readable.

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25

下川潔他編 ロックの知識・政治・宗教論-日本の新解釈-
Shimokawa, Kiyoshi / Anstey, Peter R. (eds.), Locke on Knowledge, Politics and Religion: New Interpretations from Japan. 264 pp. 2021:9 (Bloomsbury Academic, UK) <663-P81>
ISBN 978-1-350-18918-8 hard ¥19,261.- (税込) GB£ 85.00 *

Locke scholarship has been flourishing in Japan for several decades, but its output is largely unknown to the West. This collection makes available in English for the first time the fruits of recent Japanese research, opening up the possibility of advancing Locke studies on an international scale. Covering three important areas of Locke's philosophical thought - knowledge and experimental method, law and politics, and religion and toleration - this volume criticizes established interpretations and replaces them with novel alternatives, breaking away from standard narratives and providing fresh ways of looking at Locke's relationship with philosophers such as Boyle, Berkeley and Hume. The specific topics that have been selected are ones that continue to have important contemporary moral and political implications, from constitutionalism and toleration to marriage and the death penalty. Applying Locke's views to 21st-century questions, this collection presents provocative readings of the defining aspects of Locke's philosophical thought, stimulating current debates and heralding a new era of collaborative work for Locke scholars around the world.

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D.ウートラム著 科学、啓蒙思想、革命-著作集 1976~2019年-
Outram, Dorinda, Science, Enlightenment and Revolution: Selected Papers, 1976-2019. (Variorum Collected Studies) 300 pp. 2021:9 (Routledge, UK) <663-P79>
ISBN 978-0-367-48119-3 hard ¥27,192.- (税込) GB£ 120.00 *

Science, Enlightenment and Revolution brings together thirteen papers by renowned historian Dorinda Outram. Published between 1976 and 2019 and scattered in a variety of journals and collected volumes, these articles are published together here for the first time. During her distinguished career, Outram has made significant contributions to the history of science, to the history and historiography of the Enlightenment, to gender history, to the history of geographical exploration, and to the historical uses of language. This volume also includes other writings by Outram, comprising an unpublished introduction in the form of an intellectual autobiography. Placing this together with her collected academic papers offers readers an overview of her development as an historian and a writer. This book is important reading for scholars and students of early modern Europe, as well as those interested in the Enlightenment, the French Revolution and gender studies.

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Jones Corredera, Edward, The Diplomatic Enlightenment: Spain, Europe, and the Age of Speculation. (History of European Political and Constitutional Thought 5) 2021:10 (Brill, NE) <663-P75>
ISBN 978-90-04-46906-8 hard ¥20,362.- (税込) EUR 107.00

This book reconfigures the study of the origins of the Enlightenment in the Spanish Empire. Challenging dominant interpretations of the period, this book shows that early eighteenth-century Spanish authors turned to Enlightenment ideas to reinvent Spain's role in the European balance of power. And while international law grew to provide a legal framework that could safeguard peace, Spanish officials, diplomats, and authors, hardened by the failure of Spanish diplomacy, sought instead to regulate international relations by drawing on investment, profit, and self-interest. The book shows, on the basis of new archival research, that the Diplomatic Enlightenment sought to turn the Spanish Empire into a space for closer political cooperation with other European and non-European states and empires.

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A.スミスの『道徳感情論』-批判的注釈
McHugh, John, Adam Smith's "The Theory of Moral Sentiments": A Critical Commentary. 456 pp. 2021:10 (Bloomsbury Academic, UK) <663-P78>
ISBN 978-1-350-08857-3 hard ¥29,458.- (税込) GB£ 130.00 *

Many contemporary readers are just now discovering Adam Smith's The Theory of Moral Sentiments (TMS). It is increasingly being recognised as a foundational text in moral philosophy and in Adam Smith's oeuvre more generally. This is the first companion to guide readers through TMS and uncover what Smith thinks, why he thinks it, why he might be wrong to think it! While Adam Smith is best known for a Wealth of Nations there is a history of seriously misinterpreting this text as an unnuanced celebration of unfettered capitalism. The Theory of Moral Sentiments is a kind of corrective to these naive readings. As such, any serious consideration of Adam Smith's work should also include TMS. John McHugh's guide provides detailed analysis of TMS while never losing sight of the text in the context of Smith's writings and world view more generally. It offers both an introduction to the importance and insight of TMS while also functioning as a great way in to Adam Smith as a philosopher.

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Luft, David S., The Austrian Dimension in German Intellectual History: From the Enlightenment to Anschluss. 246 pp. 2021:6 (Bloomsbury Academic, UK) <663-P76>
ISBN 978-1-350-20220-7 hard ¥19,261.- (税込) GB£ 85.00 *

Tracing Austrian intellectual life from Maria Theresa to Hitler's annexation of Austria and Czechoslovakia, this innovative book offers a precise and engaging account of Austrian intellectual history since the Enlightenment. Here, David S. Luft begins by locating his narrative in the region known as Cisleithanian Austria, the area to the west of the Leitha River that was the basis for the modern Austrian state after 1740. Chapter 2 provides a history of the German-speaking intellectual life of these central lands of the Habsburg Monarchy (Austria and Bohemia) from the Enlightenment to annexation by Nazi Germany. Chapters 3 to 5 identify the most important philosophers, writers, and social thinkers who contributed to Austrian intellectual life in the period between 1740 and 1938/1939 and address the intellectual significance of their work. Elegantly written and meticulously researched, Luft's book brings out the contributions of major figures such as Wittgenstein, Hofmannsthal, Musil, Kafka, Rilke, and Freud, but also draws attention to less well-known figures such as Bolzano, Brentano, Grillparzer, Stifter, Broch, and Hayek.

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30

法と見えざる手-A.スミスの法学理論
Malloy, Robin Paul, Law and the Invisible Hand: A Theory of Adam Smith's Jurisprudence. 225 pp. 2021:10 (Cambridge U. Pr., UK) <663-P77>
ISBN 978-1-108-83663-0 hard ¥13,282.- (税込) GB£ 69.99 *
ISBN 978-1-108-81270-2 paper ¥3,657.- (税込) GB£ 19.99 *

A contemporary interpretation of Adam Smith's work on jurisprudence, revealing Smith's belief that progress emerges from cooperation and a commitment to justice. In Smith's theory, the tension between self-interest and the interests of others is mediated by law, so that the common interest of the community can be promoted. Moreover, Smith informs us that successful societies do at least three things well. They promote the common interest, advance justice through the rule of law, and they facilitate our natural desire to truck, barter, and exchange. In this process, law functions as an invisible force that holds society together and keeps it operating smoothly and productively. Law enhances social cooperation, facilitates trade, and extends the market. In these ways, law functions like Adam Smith's invisible hand, guiding and facilitating the progress of humankind.

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31

ロックの心
Gordon-Roth, Jessica / Weinberg, Shelley (eds.), The Lockean Mind. (Routledge Philosophical Minds) 600 pp. 2021:8 (Routledge, UK) <663-P74>
ISBN 978-1-138-29690-9 hard ¥43,054.- (税込) GB£ 190.00

John Locke (1632-1704) is considered one of the most important philosophers of the modern era and the first of what are often called 'the Great British Empiricists.' His major work, An Essay Concerning Human Understanding, was the single most widely read academic text in Britain for fifty years after its publication and set new limits to the scope and certainty of what we can claim to know about ourselves and the natural world. The Declaration of Independence and the United States Constitution were both highly influenced by Locke's libertarian philosophical ideas, and Locke continues to have an impact on political thought, both conservative and liberal. It is less commonly known that Locke was a practicing physician, an influential interpreter of the Bible, and a policy maker in the English Carolina colonies. The Lockean Mind provides a comprehensive survey of Locke's work, not only placing it in its historical context but also exploring its contemporary significance. Comprising almost sixty chapters by a superb team of international contributors, the volume is divided into twelve parts covering the full range of Locke's thought: Historical BackgroundLocke's InterlocutorsLocke's EpistemologyLocke's Philosophy of MindLocke on Philosophy of Language and LogicLocke's MetaphysicsLocke's Natural PhilosophyLocke's Moral PhilosophyLocke on EducationLocke's Political PhilosophyLocke's Social PhilosophyLocke on Religion Essential reading for students and researchers in philosophy, Locke's work is central to epistemology; metaphysics; philosophy of mind; philosophy of language; natural philosophy; ethical, legal-political, and social philosophy; as well as philosophy of education and philosophy of religion. This volume will also be a valuable resource to those in related humanities and social sciences disciplines with an interest in John Locke.

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Fuessel, Marian, Wissen. (Historische Einfuehrungen) 200 S. 2021:9 (Campus, GW) <663-P73>
ISBN 978-3-593-51417-8 paper ¥3,425.- (税込) EUR 18.95 *

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33

Duncan, Stewart, Materialism from Hobbes to Locke. 240 pp. 2022:1 (Oxford U. Pr., US) <663-P71>
ISBN 978-0-19-761300-9 hard ¥10,256.- (税込) US$ 74.00

Are human beings purely material creatures, or is there something else to them, an immaterial part that does some (or all) of the thinking, and might even be able to outlive the death of the body? This book is about how a series of seventeenth-century philosophers tried to answer that question. It begins by looking at the views of Thomas Hobbes, who developed a thoroughly materialist account of the human mind, and later of God as well. This is in obvious contrast to the approach of his contemporary Rene Descartes. After examining Hobbes's materialism, Stewart Duncan considers the views of three of his English critics: Henry More, Ralph Cudworth, and Margaret Cavendish. Both More and Cudworth thought Hobbes's materialism radically inadequate to explain the workings of the world, while Cavendish developed a distinctive, anti-Hobbesian materialism of her own. The second half of the book focuses on the discussion of materialism in John Locke's Essay concerning Human Understanding, arguing that we can better understand Locke's discussion if we see how and where he is responding to this earlier debate. At crucial points Locke draws on More and Cudworth to argue against Hobbes and other materialists. Nevertheless, Locke did a good deal to reveal how materialism was a genuinely possible view, by showing how one could develop a detailed account of the human mind without presuming it was an immaterial substance. This work probes the thought and debates that originated in the seventeenth-century yet extended far beyond it. And it offers a distinctive, new understanding of Locke's discussion of the human mind.

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34

Everdell, William R., The Evangelical Counter-Enlightenment: From Ecstasy to Fundamentalism in Christianity, Judaism, and Islam in the 18th Century. (Boston Studies in Philosophy, Religion and Public Life 9) 449 pp. 2021:5 (Springer, GW) <663-P72>
ISBN 978-3-030-69761-7 hard ¥18,839.- (税込) EUR 99.99

This contribution to the global history of ideas uses biographical profiles of 18th-century contemporaries to find what Salafist and Sufi Islam, Evangelical Protestant and Jansenist Catholic Christianity, and Hasidic Judaism have in common. Such figures include Mu?ammad Ibn abd al-Wa?hab, Count Nikolaus Zinzendorf, Jonathan Edwards, John Wesley, Jean-Jacques Rousseau, and Israel Ba'al Shem Tov. The book is a unique and comprehensive study of the conflicted relationship between the "evangelical" movements in all three Abrahamic religions and the ideas of the Enlightenment and Counter-Enlightenment. Centered on the 18th century, the book reaches back to the third century for precedents and context, and forward to the 21st for the legacy of these movements. This text appeals to students and researchers in many fields, including Philosophy and Religion, their histories, and World History, while also appealing to the interested lay reader.

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35

古典的功利主義における歴史と歴史記述1800~1865年
Barrell, Callum, History and Historiography in Classical Utilitarianism, 1800-1865. (Ideas in Context 136) 300 pp. 2021:10 (Cambridge U. Pr., UK) <663-P68>
ISBN 978-1-316-51907-3 hard ¥14,437.- (税込) GB£ 75.00 *

This first comprehensive account of the utilitarians' historical thought intellectually resituates their conceptions of philosophy and politics, at a time when the past acquired new significances as both a means and object of study. Drawing on published and unpublished writings - and set against the intellectual backdrops of Scottish philosophical history, German and French historicism, romanticism, positivism, and the rise of social science and scientific history - Callum Barrell recovers the depth with which Jeremy Bentham, James Mill, George Grote, and John Stuart Mill thought about history as a site of philosophy and politics. He argues that the utilitarians, contrary to their reputations as ahistorical and even antihistorical thinkers, developed complex frameworks in which to learn from and negotiate the past, inviting us to rethink the foundations of their ideas, as well as their place in - and relationship to - nineteenth-century philosophy and political thought.

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36

Celenza, Christopher S., The Italian Renaissance and the Origins of the Modern Humanities: An Intellectual History, 1400-1800. 350 pp. 2021:9 (Cambridge U. Pr., UK) <663-P69>
ISBN 978-1-108-83340-0 hard ¥5,582.- (税込) GB£ 29.99 *

Christopher Celenza is one of the foremost contemporary scholars of the Renaissance. His ambitious new book focuses on the body of knowledge which we now call the humanities, charting its roots in the Italian Renaissance and exploring its development up to the Enlightenment. Beginning in the fifteenth century, the author shows how thinkers like Lorenzo Valla and Angelo Poliziano developed innovative ways to read texts closely, paying attention to historical context, developing methods to determine a text's authenticity, and taking the humanities seriously as a means of bettering human life. Alongside such novel reading practices, technology - the invention of printing with moveable type - fundamentally changed perceptions of truth. Celenza also reveals how luminaries like Descartes, Diderot, and D'Alembert - as well as many lesser-known scholars - challenged traditional ways of thinking. Celenza's authoritative narrative demonstrates above all how the work of the early modern humanist philosophers had a profound impact on the general quest for human wisdom. His magisterial volume will be essential reading for all those who value the humanities and their fascinating history.

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37

Bambala Mazina, Anaclet, La resistance responsable dans le depassement de la desobeissance civile: repartir d'Etienne de la Boetie et de John Locke. (Ouverture philosophique. Debats) 325 p. 2021:5 (L'Harmattan, FR) <663-P67>
ISBN 978-2-343-22867-9 paper ¥6,279.- (税込) EUR 33.00

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38

Dietz, Feike, Lettering Young Readers in the Dutch Enlightenment: Literacy, Agency and Progress in Eighteenth-Century Children's Books. (Palgrave Studies in the History of Childhood) 284 pp. 2021:5 (Palgrave Macmillan, UK) <663-P25>
ISBN 978-3-030-69632-0 hard ¥18,839.- (税込) EUR 99.99

This book presents a rigorous, hugely informative analysis of the early history of Dutch children's literature, pedagogical developments and emerging family formations. Thoroughly researched, Dietz's study will be essential for historians of eighteenth-century childhood, education and children's books, both in the Dutch context and more widely.'- Matthew Grenby, Newcastle University, UK. 'A rich, informative, well-documented and effectively illustrated discussion of the ways Dutch eighteenth-century educators tried to transform youth into responsible readers. It does so in a wide international context and masterfully connects this process to the radical politicization and de-politicization of Dutch society in the revolutionary period.'-Wijnand W. Mijnhardt, formerly of Utrecht University, the Netherlands, and theUniversity of California at Los Angeles, USA.This book explores how children's literature and literacy could at once regulate and empower young people in the eighteenth-century Dutch Republic. Rather than presenting the history of childhood as a linear story of increasing agency, it suggests that we view it as a continuous struggle with the impossibility of full agency for young people. This volume demonstrates how this struggle informed the production of books in a historical context in which the development of independent youths was high on the political agenda. In close interaction with international children's literature markets, Dutch authors developed new strategies to make the members of young generations into capable readers and writers, equipped to organize their own minds and bodies properly, and to support a supposedly declining fatherland.

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39

ルーマニアの思想史
Diaconu, Madalina, Ideengeschichte Rumaeniens. 384 S. 2021:4 (Schoeningh, GW) <662-P98>
ISBN 978-3-506-76025-8 hard ¥15,033.- (税込) EUR 79.00

Die erste fachuebergreifende Ideengeschichte Rumaeniens vermittelt anhand von Denkstroemungen, Persoenlichkeiten und Kulturpublizistik ein besseres Verstaendnis auch aktueller gesellschaftlicher Entwicklungen. M?d?lina Diaconu behandelt fuer den Zeitraum seit dem Beginn der Moderne bis in die Gegenwart die anhaltende Kontroverse zwischen prowestlicher Modernisierung und Traditionalismus, die Mythen der rumaenischen Geschichte, Orthodoxie und Nationalismus, die Kulturpolitik waehrend des Kommunismus, die Selbstsuche nach 1989 und dem EU-Beitritt von 2007. Auch andere in Rumaenien lebende Ethnien sind beruecksichtigt. Klar geschrieben, informativ und basierend auf Quellen aus erster Hand ist der Band unverzichtbar fuer alle, die an Rumaenien im europaeischen Kontext interessiert sind.

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40

百科事典編集における翻訳と知識の移転 1680~1830年
Donato, Clorinda / Luesebrink, Hans-Juergen (eds.), Translation and Transfer of Knowledge in Encyclopedic Compilations, 1680-1830. (UCLA Clark Memorial Library Series) 368 pp. 2021:8 (U. Toronto Pr., CN) <662-P99>
ISBN 978-1-4875-0890-6 hard ¥13,024.- (税込) US$ 80.00 *

From its modern origins in seventeenth-century France, encyclopedic compilations met the need for the dissemination of information in a more flexible format, one that eschewed the limits of previous centuries of erudition. The rise of vernacular languages dovetailed with the demand for information in every sector, sparking competition among nations to establish the encyclopedic "paper empires" that became symbols of power and potential. The contributors to this edited collection evaluate the long-overlooked phenomenon of knowledge creation and transfer that occurred in hundreds of translated encyclopedic compilations over the long eighteenth century. Analysing multiple instances of translated compilations, Translation and Transfer of Knowledge in Encyclopedic Compilations, 1680-1830 expands into the vast realm of the multilingual, encyclopedic compilation, the most tangible proof of the global enlightenment. Through the presentation of an extensive corpus of translated compilations, this volume argues that the true site of knowledge transfer resided in the transnational movement of ideas exemplified by these compendia. The encyclopedia came to represent the aspiring nation as a viable economic and political player on the world stage; the capability to tell knowledge through culture became the hallmark of a nation's cultural capital, symbolic of its might and mapping the how, why, and where of the global eighteenth century.

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41

Biti, Vladimir / Leerssen, Joep / Liska, Vivian (eds.), The Idea of Europe: The Clash of Projections. (European Studies 37) 206 pp. 2021:3 (Brill, NE) <662-P96>
ISBN 978-90-04-44922-0 hard ¥18,078.- (税込) EUR 95.00

Recent developments within and beyond Europe have variously challenged the very idea of Europe, calling it into question and demanding reconsideration of its underlying assumptions. The essays collected here reassess the contemporary position of a perceived "European" identity in the world, overshadowed as it is by the long antecedents and current crisis of triumphalist Eurocentrism. While Eurocentrism itself is still a potent mind-set, it is now increasingly challenged by intra-European crises and by the emergence of autonomously non-European perceptions of Europe. The perspectives assembled here come from the fields of political, cultural and literary history, contemporary history, social and political science and philosophy. Contributors are: Damir Arsenijevic, Luiza Bialasiewicz, Vladimir Biti, Lucia Boldrini, Gerard Delanty, Cesar Dominguez, Nikol Dziub, Rodolphe Gasche, Aage Hansen-Loeve, Shigemi Inaga, Joep Leerssen, and Vivian Liska.

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42

啓蒙思想期欧州における重農主義-法的・社会的秩序改革モデルの伝播と受容-
Carvalho, Therence, La physiocratie dans l'Europe des Lumieres: circulation et reception d'un modele de reforme de l'ordre juridique et social. (Histoire du droit et des institutions) 2021:1 (Mare & Martin, FR) <662-P97>
ISBN 978-2-84934-508-5 paper ¥9,515.- (税込) EUR 50.00 *

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43

欧州の思想における運命と幸運 1400~1650年
Akopyan, Ovanes (ed.), Fate and Fortune in European Thought, ca. 1400-1650. (Brill's Studies in Intellectual History 327) 2021:6 (Brill, NE) <662-P95>
ISBN 978-90-04-35972-7 hard ¥21,884.- (税込) EUR 115.00

This collection of essays presents new insights into what shaped and constituted the Renaissance and early modern views of fate and fortune. It argues that these ideas were emblematic of a more fundamental argument about the self, society, and the universe and shows that their influence was more widespread, both geographically and thematically, than hitherto assumed.

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44

E.トラヴェルソ著 革命-思想史
Traverso, Enzo, Revolution: An Intellectual History. 464 pp. 2021:10 (Verso, UK) <662-P112>
ISBN 978-1-83976-333-5 hard ¥5,665.- (税込) GB£ 25.00 *

This book reinterprets the history of nineteenth and twentieth-century revolutions by composing a constellation of "dialectical images": Marx's "locomotives of history," Alexandra Kollontai's sexually liberated bodies, Lenin's mummified body, Auguste Blanqui's barricades and red flags, the Paris Commune's demolition of the Vendome Column, among several others. It connects theories with the existential trajectories of the thinkers who elaborated them, by sketching the diverse profiles of revolutionary intellectuals-from Marx and Bakunin to Luxemburg and the Bolsheviks, from Mao and Ho Chi Minh to Jose Carlos Mariategui, C.L.R. James, and other rebellious spirits from the South-as outcasts and pariahs. And finally, it analyzes the entanglement between revolution and communism that so deeply shaped the history of the twentieth century. This book thus merges ideas and representations by devoting an equal importance to theoretical and iconographic sources, offering for our troubled present a new intellectual history of the revolutionary past.

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45

欧州思想と文化 1350~1992年
Sauter, Michael J., European Thought and Culture, 1350-1992: Burdens of Knowing. 486 pp. 2021:6 (Routledge, UK) <662-P110>
ISBN 978-0-367-90290-2 hard ¥27,192.- (税込) GB£ 120.00 *
ISBN 978-0-367-90289-6 paper ¥7,704.- (税込) GB£ 34.99 *

This book explores the main currents of European thought between 1350 and 1992, which it approaches in two principal ways: culture as produced by place and the progressive unmooring of thought from previously set religious and philosophical boundaries. The book reads the period against spatial thought's history (spatial sciences such as geography or Euclidean geometry) to argue that Europe cannot be understood as a continent in intellectual terms or its history organized with respect to traditional spatial-geographic categories. Instead we need to understand European intellectual history in terms of a culture that defined its own place, as opposed to a place that produced a given culture. It then builds on this idea to argue that Europe's overweening drive to know more about humanity and the cosmos continually breached the boundaries set by venerable religious and philosophical traditions. In this respect, spatial thought foregrounded the human at the unchanging's expense, with European thought slowly becoming unmoored, as it doggedly produced knowledge at wisdom's expense. Michael J. Sauter illustrates this by pursuing historical themes across different chapters, including European thought's exit from the medieval period, the Renaissance, the Reformation, the Scientific Revolution, the Enlightenment and Romanticism, the Industrial Revolution, and war and culture, offering a thorough overview of European thought during this period. The book concludes by explaining how contemporary culture has forgotten what early modern thinkers such as Michel de Montaigne still knew, namely, that too little skepticism toward one's own certainties makes one a danger to others. Offering a comprehensive introduction to European thought that stretches from the late fourteenth to the late twentieth century, this is the perfect one-volume study for students of European intellectual history.

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46

ヒュームの『人間知性研究』
Stapleford, Scott / Kao, Molly, Hume's Enquiry: Expanded and Explained. 352 pp. 2021:3 (Routledge, UK) <662-P111>
ISBN 978-1-138-50451-6 hard ¥27,192.- (税込) GB£ 120.00
ISBN 978-1-138-50452-3 paper ¥7,704.- (税込) GB£ 34.99 *

Hume's Enquiry: Expanded and Explained includes the entire classical text of David Hume's An Enquiry Concerning Human Understanding in bold font, a running commentary blended seamlessly into the text in regular font, and analytic summaries of each section. The commentary is like a professor on hand to guide the reader through every line of the daunting prose and every move in the intricate argumentation. The unique design helps students learn how to read and engage with one of modern philosophy's most important and exciting classics. Key Features: Includes the entire original text.Provides helpful summaries of each paragraph.Offers commentary on every line of text.Removes the gap between commentary and text.

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47

Nelson, William Max, The Time of Enlightenment: Constructing the Future in France, 1750 to Year One. 240 pp. 2021:1 (U. Toronto Pr., CN) <662-P107>
ISBN 978-1-4875-0770-1 hard ¥12,210.- (税込) US$ 75.00 *

A new idea of the future emerged in eighteenth-century France. With the development of modern biological, economic, and social engineering, the future transformed from being predetermined and beyond significant human intervention into something that could be dramatically affected through actions in the present. The Time of Enlightenment argues that specific mechanisms for constructing the future first arose through the development of practices and instruments aimed at countering degeneration. In their attempts to regenerate a healthy natural state, Enlightenment philosophes created the means to exceed previously recognized limits and build a future that was not merely a recuperation of the past, but fundamentally different from it. A theoretically inflected work combining intellectual history and the history of science, this book will appeal to anyone interested in European history and the history of science, as well as the history of France, the Enlightenment, and the French Revolution.

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48

Ribeiro, Brian, Sextus, Montaigne, Hume: Pyrrhonizers. (Brill Studies in Skepticism 4) 2021:9 (Brill, NE) <662-P108>
ISBN 978-90-04-46539-8 hard ¥22,836.- (税込) EUR 120.00

This work invites us to view the Pyrrhonist tradition as involving all those who share a commitment to the activity of Pyrrhonizing and develops fresh, provocative readings of Sextus, Montaigne, and Hume as radical Pyrrhonizing skeptics: From the aspirationalism of Sextan Pyrrhonism, to Montaigne's skeptical fideism and his unusual approach to the writing process, to the vexing interpretive issues surrounding Hume's skepticism, each figure offers us new insights into what it can mean to Pyrrhonize.

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49

ヒュームと近世哲学の見直し
Russell, Paul, Recasting Hume and Early Modern Philosophy: Selected Essays. 496 pp. 2021:7 (Oxford U. Pr., US) <662-P109>
ISBN 978-0-19-757726-4 hard ¥17,325.- (税込) US$ 125.00 *

In this collection of essays, philosopher Paul Russell addresses major figures and central topics of the history of early modern philosophy. Most of these essays are studies on the philosophy of David Hume, one of the great figures in the history of philosophy. One central theme, connecting many of the essays, concerns Hume's fundamental irreligious intentions. Russell argues that a proper appreciation of the significance of Hume's irreligious concerns, which runs through his whole philosophy, serves to discredit the deeply entrenched framework for understanding Hume - and much of early modern philosophy - in terms of the idea of "British Empiricism". In a substantive introduction, Russell outlines how his various insights overlap and connect to each other. The volume is organized thematically into five sections: metaphysics, free will, ethics, religion, and general interpretations of Hume's philosophy. The collection also features a previously unpublished essay on Hume's atheism and an essay on Adam Smith's views on religion and ethics that has not been previously published in English. Recasting Hume and Early Modern Philosophy presents the reader with Russell's substantial and significant set of interconnected observations and insights on the matters and figures of the greatest importance in early modern philosophy. These essays not only provide different and original perspectives on the subject, they also show that the various issues addressed are very relevant to each other, as well as to a number of major topics in contemporary philosophy.

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50

Lepistoe, Antti, The Rise of Common-Sense Conservatism: The American Right and the Reinvention of the Scottish Enlightenment. 288 pp. 2021:4 (U. Chicago Pr., US) <662-P103>
ISBN 978-0-226-77404-6 hard ¥5,544.- (税込) US$ 40.00 *

In the years following the election of Donald Trump-a victory that hinged on the votes of white Midwesterners who were both geographically and culturally distant from the media's coastal concentrations-there has been a flurry of investigation into the politics of the so-called "common man." The notion that the salt-of-the-earth purity implied by this appellation is best understood by conservative politicians is no recent development, though. As Antti Lepistoe shows in his timely and erudite book, the intellectual wellsprings of conservative "common sense" discourse are both older and more transnational than has been thought. In considering the luminaries of American neoconservative thought-among them Irving Kristol, Gertrude Himmelfarb, James Q. Wilson, and Francis Fukuyama-Lepistoe argues that the centrality of their conception of the common man accounts for the enduring power and influence of their thought. Intriguingly, Lepistoe locates the roots of this conception in the eighteenth-century Scottish Enlightenment, revealing how leading neoconservatives weaponized the ideas of Adam Smith, Thomas Reid, and David Hume to denounce postwar liberal elites, educational authorities, and social reformers. Their reconfiguration of Scottish Enlightenment ideas ultimately gave rise to a defining force in modern conservative politics: the common sense of the common man. Whether twenty-first-century politicians who invoke the grievances of "the people" are conscious of this unusual lineage or not, Lepistoe explains both the persistence of the trope and the complicity of some conservative thinkers with the Trump regime.

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